13 the growth of cities and towns urbanization12.the growth of cities and towns
14 the counting of the population; happens every 10 years in US census13.the counting of the population; happens every 10 years in US
15 steamboat14.development by Robert Fulton that revolutionized transportation and trade along rivers in the United States
16 sectionalism15.a strong sense of loyalty to a state or section instead of to the whole country
17 protective tariff16.a tax on goods from another country which is designed to get people to buy products made in their OWN country and not to buy imported goods – this would “protect” American industry
18 Robert Fultongiven credit for creating the first steamboat – speeds up transportation17.
19 Samuel Morse invents the telegraph in 1844, speeds up communication 18.Samuel Morse invents the telegraph in 1844, speeds up communication
20 John Deere invents a lightweight plow with a steel cutting edge in 1836 19.
21 Cyrus McCormick invented a grain reaper in 1834, making harvest faster and easier20.
22 John C. Calhoun21.South Carolina Congressman and Senator who spoke for the South before and during the Civil War
23 Daniel Webster22.Massachusetts Congressman and Senator who spoke for the North and the preservation of the Union
24 Henry Clay23.powerful Kentucky Congressman and Senator who proposed the American System and the Compromise of 1850; known as the “Great Compromiser”
25 James Monroe24.author of the Monroe Doctrine, which shut down the western hemisphere to European expansion or interference