2 Thesis First, let’s develop a thesis statement together. The thesis is the most important sentence; it’s like the topic sentence for your whole paper.The thesis statement should be an answer to the question that the paper asks you to address.In our case, how does the Cultural Revolution compel Ji-li to come of age?Discuss with a partner an answer to this question before we discuss as a whole class.Write thesis together on organizer
3 ThesisHere’s the thesis we came up with: The Cultural Revolution compels Ji-li to come of age because as she grows, she realizes that the Revolution is not as beneficial as she first thought and that her family is most important.
4 Structuring Body Paragraphs Body paragraphs support your thesis statement.Start body paragraphs with a topic sentence, so the reader knows what it will be about.Example: At the beginning of the novel, Ji-li feels excited about the Cultural Revolution.Then include text evidence to support your topic sentence.Let’s look at some example quotes that may or may not support the example topic sentence.Write example topic sentence together on graphic organizer (or students can use a different transition or a different adjective)
5 Text EvidenceWhich of the following quotes from the beginning of the novel best supports our topic sentence?“They hoped that I would be the happiest girl in the world. And I was” (Jiang 1).“‘But Grandma, we have to get rid of these old ideas, old culture, old customs, and old habits. Chairman Mao says they’re holding us back’” (Jiang 25).“‘I could be in the Liberation Army’” (Jiang 7).“‘the fact is that our family will not be able to pass the investigations’” (Jiang 9).All of these quotes were lifted from last year’s papers.Personal emotion (not related to CR)Correct—shows excitement/devotion to CRAction related to CR/NOT emotion or her perspectiveNegative perspective from her FATHER
6 Structuring Body Paragraphs Now that we have the topic sentence and text evidence, we just need a conclusion sentence.The conclusion sentence should explain how the text evidence supports the topic sentence.Discuss a good conclusion sentence for:At the beginning of the novel, Ji-li feels excited about the Cultural Revolution. She is so devoted that she tells her grandmother, “‘But Grandma, we have to get rid of these old ideas, old culture, old customs, and old habits. Chairman Mao says they’re holding us back’” (Jiang 25).Notice that quote is introduced, triple quotation marks for quote from the text, MLA citation at endYou MAY include more than one quote per body paragraphStudents can copy this and possible conclusion sentences on graphic organizers (will evaluate what they suggest)
7 First Body Paragraph Transition: At the beginning of the novel, Topic sentence: Ji-li feels excited about the Cultural Revolution.Example: She is so devoted that she tells her grandmother, “‘But Grandma, we have to get rid of these old ideas, old culture, old customs, and old habits. Chairman Mao says they’re holding us back’” (Jiang 25).Conclusion sentence: Ji-li is proud to support Chairman Mao’s initiative to “Destroy the Four Olds.”
8 Finishing the graphic organizer You now have:Thesis statementTransition into first body paragraphTopic sentence for first body paragraphText evidence for first body paragraphConclusion sentence for first body paragraphAll you need to do is write a hook and the purpose and background info. for the introduction paragraph, follow the steps we did for structuring body paragraphs 2 and 3, and wrap up your thoughts in the conclusion paragraph (restate thesis, summarize body paragraphs, explain how Ji-li comes of age, and return to the hook).Hardest part will be finding quotes for the other body paragraphs and, possibly, coming up with a really good hook
9 Tips to Avoid Common Mistakes The whole paper must be in third-person, except for quotes, the hook, and the return to the hook.Transition from the hook to the purpose of the essay. (The whole paper should flow.)Introduce quotes (don’t start sentences with quotation marks)—see the first body par. example.Use the Stylebook! It’s a great resource.Avoid sentences that start with “This shows that…” or “This is how I know…”—just tell me what it shows or what you know.