Presentation on theme: "The “How and Why” of Writing"— Presentation transcript:
1 The “How and Why” of Writing Expository WritingThe “How and Why” of Writing
2 What is Expository Writing? Expository writing is defined as presenting reasons, explanations, or steps in a processInformational writingAn expository essay should follow a logical sequence and have three different main pointsLogic and coherence is the main focus of an expository essay
3 How is it different ? Expository writing does not tell a story Expository writing does not persuade a reader but only gives facts and reasonsExpository writing can also give the steps of a process
4 WHAT IS AN EXPOSITORY ESSAY? An EXPOSITORY essay is a multi-paragraph essay with a specific structure.It explains a position or opinion that you have regarding a topic or text.It provides adequate textual evidence to support that opinion.AN EXPOSITORY ESSAY IS NOT …It is not a summary of the book.It is not a book review or a book report.It is not ONLY your opinion. You must base your ideas on events from the text.
5 OrganizationWhen you organize an essay it needs to follow a logical sequence.Novel: beginning of the book, middle of the book, end of the book.2/3/1: 2nd best idea, 3rd best idea, best idea.Directions:1st step, 2nd step, 3rd step.
6 FORMAT OF AN EXPOSITORY ESSAY An EXPOSITORY essay contains ____ paragraphs.All paragraphs have a name:1st Paragraph(s) : Introductory Paragraph(s)Paragraph #2, 3, 4 etc.: Body ParagraphsFinal Paragraph(s): Concluding Paragraph(s)
7 Topic Sentences, Thesis Statements, and Subtopic are the Heart Thesis: a statement discussing the topic of your paper.Subtopics: the main ideas that support your thesis.Topic Sentences: a statement that discusses the topic of each paragraph.
8 Definition of Terms Thesis Statement: The main idea of the whole essay Transition words: Words such as first, second, as a result, which make transitions easy in the essay.Main Ideas: Each paragraph should have a main point or ideaSupporting Details: Details support the main ideas
9 Introductory Paragraph Body Paragraphs = SubtopicsConcluding Paragraph
10 Expository WritingIntroduction of an expository should include the main idea and what the essay is aboutThe three main reasons supporting this main idea should also be included in the introduction
11 Thesis StatementThe thesis statement can be first in the paragraph, last in the paragraph or implied throughout the paragraphOR more experienced writers use the inverted pyramid style introduction.
13 IntroductionHook- Hook your reader with a question, quote, short anecdote, or personal experience statement
14 Purpose of Body Paragraphs: To support your topic statement using direct quotations, specific textual detail, and strong explanations.Elements of a Body Paragraph:Topic SentenceTextual EvidenceExplanation of EvidenceConcluding/ Transition Sentence
15 VOCABULARY OF BODY PARAGRAPHS TOPIC SENTENCEThe first sentence in each body paragraph. It gives the reader specific information about what will be explained in the body paragraph. It is best to use words from the TOPIC STATEMENT in this sentence.TEXTUAL EVIDENCESentences in the body paragraph which use the AUTHOR’S EXACT WORDS to help support your topic statement.EXPLANATION OF EVIDENCESentences in the body paragraph which explain to the reader HOW YOUR TEXTUAL EVIDENCE SUPPORTS YOUR TOPIC STATEMENT.
16 Expository writing contd. Paragraph two should introduce the first reason and give details to support the first reasonParagraph three should introduce the second reason and give details to support the second reasonParagraph four should introduce the third reason and give details to support the third reasonThe conclusion should re-state all the reasons
17 Body Paragraph Topic Sentence Textual Evidence Explanation of Evidence (repeat for each piece of textual evidence)Concluding Sentence
18 Evidence and ExamplesYour evidence is the meat of the essay. You need to prove what you know.Remember the Es:-Examples-Explanations-Evidence-Elaboration
19 TransitionsLike shifting from one gear to the next in a car, a transition shifts from one paragraph to the next. It is the glue of an essay.
20 Transition words Add your transition words First Second Third Finally, or In Conclusion
21 ConclusionConclusions restate your thesis and subtopics, and remind your reader what you wrote about.Do not include any new information in your conclusion.
22 Purpose of Concluding Paragraph To summarize your main ideas for your reader, so they leave your writing with clarity.Elements of Concluding ParagraphRestate your topic statementReview body paragraphs
24 Re-Cap: Expository writing needs: One topicReasons supporting that topicDetails supporting the reasonsA conclusion re-stating the reasonsTransition wordsClear, concise, logical and informative language
25 Outlining an Expository Essay Use an outline to organize your essayPreplanning ensures you don’t forget anything.Essay practically writes itself from the outline.
26 Outline for Expository Title__________________________________________I. Introduction:A. Hook______________________________________________________B. Background information______________________________________C. Background information on topic_______________________________D. Background information on topic_______________________________E. Statistic or personal anecdote-optional___________________________F. THESIS STATEMENT________________________________________II. First Reason__________________________________________________A. Fact/ or example_________________________________________B. Detail__________________________________________________C. Fact/ example___________________________________________D. Detail_________________________________________________E. Fact/example____________________________________________F. Detail__________________________________________________G. Sum- up statement_______________________________________III. Second Reason_______________________________________________A. Fact/or example_________________________________________C. Fact/example____________________________________________D. Detail__________________________________________________F. Detail___________________________________________________IV. Third Reason_________________________________________________A. Fact/example___________________________________________C. Fact/example___________________________________________D. Detail___________________________________________________E. Fact/example___________________________________________F. DetailV. Conclusion:Re- state all reasons in conclusionClincher sentence- gives a summation of the above and a “feeling” about the whole essay.Use transition words, plan reasons in a logical order, make sure you re-state reasons in your conclusion.
27 Editing your essayCheck that you have all the elements of an expository essay:ReasonsDetailsTransition wordsConclusion that re-states your topicGrammarCoherence, logic and clearly written
28 Expository Essay:There are three different types of expository essays:1) Essay that is developed with examples and/or facts and statistics2) Essay that is developed with steps in a process3) Essay that is in a compare and contrast formatExample:Paragraph 1: Introductory ParagraphA. Thesis sentence____________________________B. Background info____________________________C. Statistics- if relevant__________________________Paragraph 2: Reason#1 or Process #1 Use a transition wordA. Example/detail #1______________________________B. Example/detail #2______________________________C. Example/detail#3_______________________________Paragraph 3: Reason #2or Process #2 Use a transition wordB. Example/detail#2_______________________________C. Example/detail #3______________________________Paragraph 4: Reason #3 or Process #3 Use a transition wordA. Example/detail #1_______________________________B. Example/detail #2_______________________________C. Example/detail#3________________________________Paragraph 5:Conclusion:Take a reason from each paragraph and RE-STATE it in the conclusion. Add a clincher sentence.Evaluation:Do you have a clear logical topic?Have you introduced your topic in the first paragraph?Do you have one reason per paragraph?Do you have three details to support each reason?Have you used transition words at the beginning of each paragraph?