2 Objectives Understand the purpose of introductions and conclusions Learn how to write effective introductions and conclusions
3 3-Part Structure An essay always consists of: An Introduction Body paragraphsA Conclusion
4 IntroductionsThe purpose of the introduction is to identify the topic AND make your reader want to read more.A weak or boring introduction will make your reader lose interest.You don’t want to bore your reader before the essay even begins.
5 What goes into an Introduction? Catchy opening (called a “Hook”) to grab the reader’s attention2-3 sentence summary or background information of the topicThesis statementOne sentence that says exactly what the essay is aboutUsually contains 3 items
6 Introductions move from general to more specific General: Attention-grabbing hook(2-3 sentences)More specific: Summary of topic(2-3 sentences)Introductions move from general to more specificMost specific:Thesis statement(1 sentence)
7 The Hook Anecdote (interesting story) Surprising fact Startling statementInteresting quoteQuestion that makes the reader thinkThe hook MUST relate to the topic!
8 Let’s Practice!In your groups, you will be writing a compare and contrast essay between the novel Island of the Blue Dolphins and the true story of the “Lone Woman of San Nicolas Island.”We’ll start together with an introduction.
9 What kind of hook should we use? Here are some options: An anecdote about being left to survive on a deserted islandAn important or surprising quote from the novel or one of the articlesA thought-provoking question (related to the topic)In your groups, choose one of these options and write a quick rough draft of your hook
10 Next, we need to give some background information. What is it that we will be discussing in this essay?How does the hook you used relate to this more specific information?
11 Last, you need a thesis statement You need a statement that explains exactly what you will discuss in your essayThis is the most specific and most important sentence of the introductionUsually includes 3 items that will be discussed in about 3 body paragraphsIn your group, identify the 3 main differences between the fiction and nonfiction story of the “Lone Woman”These 3 items will be included in your thesis statement
12 ConclusionsA good conclusion will leave a lasting impression on your readerYou want your reader to remember WHAT you said and WHY you said it
13 What goes into a Conclusion? You can think of the structure of the conclusion as the opposite of the structure of the introductionIntroductions move from general to specificConclusions move from specific to general
14 What goes into a conclusion? Restate the thesisSummarize your main points (the 3 things from your thesis statement and body paragraphs)Make a general statement about why your reader should care
15 Conclusions move from specific to general Most specific:Restate ThesisConclusions move from specific to generalLess specific:Summarize the main pointsGeneral:Statement about why your reader should care.Connect to your hook.
16 Tips for writing body paragraphs Start with a topic sentence (a sentence that states what the paragraph will be about)Be specific and stick to the pointEven if you think you have the perfect sentence, only include it if it has something to do with the topic of the paragraphUse transition words to show you are changing topicsDecide on an organizational pattern before you write