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Adjectives, adverbs, and Articles

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Presentation on theme: "Adjectives, adverbs, and Articles"— Presentation transcript:

1 Adjectives, adverbs, and Articles

2 ADJECTIVES An adjective is a word used to modify or describe a noun or pronoun. Adjectives give us more information about the noun or pronoun Descriptive words!!! Adjectives answer one of the following questions about the noun/pronoun: What kind? Which one? How much or how many?

3 ADJECTIVES What kind? Which one? How much or how many? Stone house
Irish linen Tired dog Which one? Next customer First day That dress How much or how many? Seven rings More money Several others

4 ADJECTIVES in a list Adjectives usually come before the noun or pronoun they describe (but not ALWAYS) When identifying adjectives in a sentence, you should try to also identify the noun/pronoun they describe. There can be more than one adjectives to describe one noun or pronoun. Use a comma to separate two adjectives that describe the SAME word. Use commas and “AND” to separate three or more adjectives. Example: My favorite dress is the long, blue one. Do you want to read this new, short, and exciting book?

5 DEMONSTRATIVE adjectives
**IMPORTANT:** This, that , these, and those can be used as both adjectives AND pronouns in English. To determine if one of these words is being used as a pronoun or adjective, you must look at what it is doing in the sentence. If it is taking the place of a noun, it functions as a pronoun. If it is answering a question (What kind? Which one? How many?) about a noun or pronoun, then it is functioning as an adjective.

6 DEMONSTRATIVE adjectives
Pronoun or adjective? I want that green sweater. That is my favorite green sweater. These candy bars are my favorite. Whose smelly shoes are these?

7 PROPER adjectives A proper adjective is formed from a proper noun and begins with a capital letter. PROPER NOUN PROPER ADJECTIVE Canada Canadian citizen China Chinese calendar Carter Carter administration New Jersey New Jersey coast

8 Adjectives - ARTICLES The most frequently used adjectives are called articles. The, A, and An are articles. The boy. A dog. An anaconda. Though articles are adjectives, when labeling sentences, we label the, a, and as articles.

9 Exercise Page 89, Review C 1-5 Write the sentences.
Label all the nouns, pronouns, and verbs. Circle the adjectives and draw an arrow to the noun or pronoun it modifies or describes. Tell which question the adjective answers about the noun or pronoun.

10 ADVERBS An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective OR another adverb. Just as adjectives describe nouns/pronouns and make them more specific, adverbs make the meaning of verbs, adjectives, and adverbs clearer. Adverbs answer the questions: Where? When? How? To what extent?

11 ADVERBS modifying verbs
Many adverbs can be formed by adding –ly to an adjective; however, not ALL adverbs end in –ly. Alisha slowly walked down the hallway. The couple was married nearby. Adverbs may come between the parts of a verb phrase. Keisha has already completed her part of the project. Negative words like not and no are adverbs as well. Many students did not understand the directions.

12 ADVERBS modifying adjectives
Adverbs can modify adjectives. The team is extremely proud of its record. Frogs may look quite harmless, but some are poisonous. The coach said we were too careless during the play.

13 ADVERBS modifying other adverbs
Adverbs can modify other adverbs. Elena finished the problem more quickly than I did. Our guest left quite abruptly. So very few California condors exist today.

14 Exercise Page 111, Review C 1-5 Write the sentence.
Label all the nouns, pronouns, adverbs, and adjectives. Circle all the adverbs. Draw an arrow to the verb, adjective, or other adverb that it modifies. Write what questions the adverb answers about the word it describes.

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