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English 9 Enhanced.   Nouns: person, place, thing (common, and proper)  Pronouns: replace nouns (he, she, they, them, that)  Verbs: express an action.

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Presentation on theme: "English 9 Enhanced.   Nouns: person, place, thing (common, and proper)  Pronouns: replace nouns (he, she, they, them, that)  Verbs: express an action."— Presentation transcript:

1 English 9 Enhanced

2   Nouns: person, place, thing (common, and proper)  Pronouns: replace nouns (he, she, they, them, that)  Verbs: express an action or help make a statement Review

3   Circle the adjectives in the following sentences 1.My coffee is getting cold. (1) 2.The audience laughed at the funny joke. (3) 3.This pretest is more difficult than I expected. (3)  Circle the adverbs in the following sentences 1.The English office is quite cold in the winter. (1) 2.Those Cheetos are flaming hot. (1) 3.Nick timidly thanked his friends for attending. (1) Pretest!

4 Definition: A word used to modify (or describe) a noun or pronoun

5   Adjectives modify by telling what kind, which one, or how many  What kind? Red paint, new friend, light rain  Which one? This room, those books, that car  How many? Five feet, ten musicians, many hours What is an Adjective?

6   An adjective may be separated from the word it modifies by other words  Ex: The salad was delicious  Delicious modifies salad  My ankle is very sore  Sore modifies ankle  The English textbook is extremely heavy  Heavy modifies textbook  English modifies textbook Adjectives

7   Positive: makes a descriptive statement  Comparative: used to compare one noun/pronoun to another  Superlative: used to make a statement that one noun/pronoun exceeds another Forms or Degrees of Adjectives PositiveComparativeSuperlative LightLighterLightest FunnyFunnierFunniest GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst

8   Adjectives are the thieves of the Grammar World  They steal!  Adjectives steal from other parts of speech to call their own  These Parts of speech that adjectives steal from include:  Articles  Pronouns  Nouns A Way to Remember Adjectives…

9   Articles are the most frequently used adjectives  A  An  The  Examples  The car pulled up beside us  Have you ever seen such an unusual painting?  The choir sang the song cheerfully Articles

10   Some words can act as either a pronoun or an adjective, depending on how they are used. (that, either, many, some, these, those, etc.)  Remember, a pronoun takes the place of a noun, while an adjective modifies a noun or pronoun  If the word is used as an adjective, a noun must closely follow it Adjectives vs. Pronouns

11   Ex: That cheese is old - adjective  Ex: That is old – pronoun  Ex: These shoes are uncomfortable - adjective  Ex: These are uncomfortable – pronoun Practice:  Many people like to travel to the city  adjective  That is not funny  pronoun  I just love these silly socks  adjective Adjective or Pronoun?

12   Sometimes, nouns can act as adjectives if they are being used to modify (describe) another noun Nouns vs. Adjectives NounNoun as Adjective Crisp BaconBacon sandwich Blinding SnowSnow sculpture Last DecemberDecember sale

13   Possessive Nouns and Pronouns (his, hers, Bob’s) can also be considered adjectives because they are used to describe nouns  Ex: Which shoes? Bob’s shoes  Ex: Whose house? His house Possessive Nouns can be Adjectives

14   Some common and proper nouns can be used as adjectives  Common noun: cityAdj: city street  Common noun: cheeseAdj: cheese omelet  Common noun: baconAdj: bacon sandwich  Proper noun: JapaneseAdj: Japanese restaurant  Proper noun: MalaysiaAdj: Malaysian language Common and Proper Nouns as Adjectives

15   Write 2 sentences using adjectives with the following picture Practice

16  Label the following sentence with the parts of speech that we have learned so far:  The white snow glitters gently in the soft light  The – article (adj)  White – adjective  Snow – noun  Glitters – verb  Gently - adverb  In – preposition (we’ll get to that next)  The – article (adj)  Soft – adjective  Light - noun Putting it all Together

17 Definition: A word that describes/modifies a verb, adjective or another adverb

18  Adverbs modifying Verbs  Adverbs answer the following questions about verbs  Where? Ex: The bird was chirping downstairs.  When? Ex: The bird chirped today.  How? Ex: The bird chirped loudly.  How long? Or how much? Ex: The bird chirped constantly

19  Adverbs modifying Adjectives  Adverbs can be used to modify an adjective and give more detail in a sentence  Usually adverbs are used to answer the following about adjectives: How much? And to what extent?  Ex: The cheese is moldy  The cheese is extremely moldy  Ex: I am tired  I am very tired  The adverbs most commonly used to modify adjectives are: very, too, and so.

20  Adverbs modifying other Adverbs  Adverbs can be used to modify other adverbs by giving more detail and answering the questions: How much? Or To what extent?  Ex: Calvin was never late  Calvin was almost never late  Ex: We’ll meet afterward  We’ll meet shortly afterward

21  Adverb Forms Used to Compare  Positive – descriptive statement  Comparative – compare one action to another (Usually add –er or more, BUT NOT BOTH)  Superlative – make the statement that action exceeds another in a certain quality (Usually add –est or most BUT NOT BOTH) PositiveComparativeSuperlative Runs fast Runs faster Runs fastest Runs well Runs better Runs best Runs far Runs farther Runs farthest

22  Remember!  Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs  Adverbs are used to add more detail to a sentence  Adverbs often end in –ly BUT, not always AND some –ly words ARE NOT adverbs

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