Presentation on theme: "Adjectives An adjective is a word that describes a person, place, thing, or idea. Adjectives describe how things look, smell, feel, taste, sound. Example:"— Presentation transcript:
1 AdjectivesAn adjective is a word that describes a person, place, thing, or idea. Adjectives describe how things look, smell, feel, taste, sound.Example: The loud boy walked into the quiet, brown building.Adjectives modify NOUNS and PRONOUNS telling which one, what kind, or how many.
2 Articles The adjectives a, an, and the are called articles. the – describes a specific item or items.Example: Sandra went to the store.a/an refers to any one item of a group. Use a before words that begin with a consonant sound and an before a word that begins with a vowel sound.Example: An owl landed in a tree.
3 Demonstrative Adjectives The adjectives this, that, these and those are called demonstrative adjectives.Demonstrative Adjectives point out something and appear in FRONT of the NOUN.Example: That bird flew above those trees.***Watch the Brain Pop video on ADJECTIVES!
4 Identifying Adjectives Highlight the describing and demonstrative adjectives. Circle the articles. Mark bought red socks and brown shoes at the popular mall.2. That pretty girl was singing a beautiful melody.3. Those children need to follow the safety rules.4. Sally wore a red, shiny shirt to school today.5. A brown rabbit hopped into that yard!6. The frightened boy ran into the tree house to hide.7. Adam walks to that store every morning.See this link for a discussion of so vs. very:
5 Adverbs often end in –ly, but not always. An adverb describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs answer the questions how, when, where, or to what extent.Adverbs often end in –ly, but not always.
6 Words that are often used as Adverbs Adverbs that answer the question, “where?”away, here, inside, there, upAdverbs that answer the question, “when?”later, now, soon, tomorrow, yesterdayAdverbs that answer the question, “how?”clearly, easily, quietly, slowlyAdverbs that answer the questions “how long?” or “how often?”always, usually, continuously, never, forever, brieflyAdverbs that answer the questions, “to what extent?” or “how much?”almost, too, more, extremely, mostly, quite, very
7 Adverb Examples Examples: Sixth graders eagerly tried to earn ravens. ***Eagerly modifies the word try (which is a verb) and tells us “how” they were trying.The test actually took three hours!Example without “-ly”:He took the test yesterday.
8 More ExamplesThe sprinter ran swiftly. [The adverb swiftly modifies the verb ran and tells how.]2. I read the funny pages early on Sunday morning. [The adverb early modifies the adjective small and tells to what extent.]3. Jolene was comforting a very small child. [The adverb very modifies the adjective small and tells to what extent.]4. The fire blazed too wildly for anyone to enter. [The adverb too modifies the adverb wildly and tells to what extent. The adverb wildly modifies the verb blazed and tells how.]
9 Identifying Adverbs Highlight the adverbs in the following sentences. We very precisely judged the sailing competition.2. Ruby did extremely well on her test.3. He hurriedly looked for the contract on his desk.4. We feel that we need more telephone lines now.5. Being rude to a friend is never acceptable.6. Michael drove carefully through the storm.7. Yesterday, Brigitte went to the store to buy eggs.8. Cara ran swiftly to her next class so that she would not be late.