Intellectual Influences (varied) Marx and Engels Freud (reaction to) Neo-Marxist (especially critical) Neofunctionalist (especially conflict) exchange theory symbolic interactionism phenomenological poststructural feminist influence: where are the women?
Socio-historical Context Feminist History/history of feminism 18th C. bourgeois revolutions/liberal reforms 19th C. abolition, reform, suffrage 20th C. radical protest, socialism and progressivism 1920: women's suffrage http://americancivilwar.com/women/Womens_Su ffrage/womens_suffrage_timeline.html http://americancivilwar.com/women/Womens_Su ffrage/womens_suffrage_timeline.html 1957: The Second Sex, Simone de Beauvoir 1959: The Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan since 1970, women in sociology
Perspective Perspective: mostly liberal vs. radical –Structural/positivist: liberal and radical –critical/Hegelian: radical –Pragmatist: social construction (Symbolic Interactionis): liberal –Phenomenological: liberal? –Postmodern: purports to being radical –Psycho-analytical, behavioral:liberal?
Focus Liberal: Work and Home (with politics) Radical feminist: more cultural: Patriarchy Marxist: more economic Socialist: more varied but particularly social, economic and political Interactionist/Phenomenological: more social/cultural
Feminist Models focus on women: structure and experience - macro and micro - compared to, in relation to men - gender differences - gender inequality - gender oppression - why/how are women: different, unequal, oppressed?
Man as oppressor Woman as oppressed conflict gender inequality male domination - women's movement - + gender interest gender knowlege conflict patriarchal reality gender consciousness experienced reality other gender negotiation gender role gender experience
Phenomenology Essential Reality Taken for Granted RealityExperienced Reality Consciousness typification Social construction accounts interpretation (Berger and Luckmann) (Garfinkel) (Husserl)