Bali Process Workshop on “Human Trafficking: Victim Support” Bali, Indonesia 7-9 November 2006 IOM’s Approach To Victim Support.
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Presentation on theme: "Bali Process Workshop on “Human Trafficking: Victim Support” Bali, Indonesia 7-9 November 2006 IOM’s Approach To Victim Support."— Presentation transcript:
Bali Process Workshop on “Human Trafficking: Victim Support” Bali, Indonesia 7-9 November 2006 IOM’s Approach To Victim Support
IOM’s Anti-Trafficking Response Intergovernmental Organization Over 280 field offices in some 100 countries 120+ Anti-trafficking projects globally Rights based “victim-centered” approach Trafficked persons should be treated as victims of a crime not as criminals Voluntary consent
Victim Protection & Support What is meant by “Protection”? Creating the social, political and legal environment that protects the rights of potential victims of trafficking. Keeping victims safe from threat, violence, abuse; Providing for basic needs – shelter, food, medical and psychological care; Providing legal protection that upholds individual rights, confidentiality and provides for judicial redress and witness protection
Victim Protection & Support The Goal of putting in place a protective framework is to implement a victim-centered “rights-based” approach that removes victims from a process of detainment, imprisonment, deportation or expulsion, and moves them to an environment of protection and assistance that ensures their safety and provides for their recovery.
Victim Protection - Through Interagency Cooperation Victim/Child friendly procedures Clear Procedures for Victim Identification Referral Systems & Safe Accommodation Provisions for stay Mother tongue legal/social support Psycho-social/health care & counseling Training of Police, Immigration, Social & Health Services
Framework of Protection Sphere of Protection: Victim Safety and Security Victim Identification Shelter & Recovery Return Reintegration
Victim Identification Objective: To remove “potential” victims of trafficking from situations of exploitation, imprisonment, detention or detainment and place them in a safe and protective support environment UN Protocol Definition of Trafficking Child/Victim friendly procedures Clear procedural guidelines protocols Trained specialists and interviewers Gender sensitive approach
Shelter & Recovery Objective: To provide safe and secure accommodation and related social support for individuals identified as having been victims of trafficking Food and Accommodation Access to social services Access to Psycho-Social & Basic Medical Support Information gathering Personalized Case File and Recovery Plan Background, Family Tracing and Assessment Medical/psycho-social assistance and follow-up
Referral Processes Objective: to link together qualified service providers to facilitate the safe relocation of victims to specialized shelters, safe houses, recovery centers, etc., so they can receive appropriate care and recovery support. List of cooperating agencies Identified focal points/points of contact among cooperating agencies Confidential sharing of information Secure transfer Standards of conduct and operational protocols
Referral Processes – Key Considerations 1. Procedures for victim identification: In accordance with international protocols and/or national legislation, criteria should be established and “victim/child friendly” procedures should be put in place for identifying victims of trafficking, that include, where necessary, use of appropriately trained and qualified translators. 2. Removal of identified victims from detention, penal or other such facilities: Victims of trafficking should not be treated as criminals and therefore should be removed from detention/detention-like environments. They should not be locked-up, held behind bars or housed with criminals.
Referral Processes – Key Considerations 3. Procedures for transfer of victims to “safe houses” or temporary transit shelters, to recovery facilities: Identified victims of trafficking should be transferred to appropriate, non- threatening environments. To insure their protection, procedures should be establish within a referral network to facilitate their safe and secure transfer to such facilities – establishment of confidential and secure communication channels, agency focal points, etc., are important considerations. 4. Access to qualified psycho-social, medical, counseling, legal, interpretation and other such support: As noted, the degree of trauma victims suffer varies, as do their individual needs. Establishing a referral network creates a multi- disciplinary framework that can address the individual circumstances and needs of victims of trafficking, though drawing together existing resources and capacities.
Referral Processes – Key Considerations 5. Procedures for the safe and secure return home: Coordination procedures should be established to facilitate the transfer of the victim back to their country/community, with the voluntary consent of the victim. This may require securing appropriate travel documentation, arranging domestic, cross-border or international travel, providing appropriate security measures and escorts, among other logistical needs. 6. Linkages to ongoing recovery and integration support: Victim recovery does not end upon return home. Victims may be in need of follow-up medical care or counseling, reintegration assistance, vocational skills training, etc. Efforts should be made to identify appropriately qualified agencies that can assist with integration back into society.
Role of NGOs Cooperation with NGOs contributes greatly to the overall strengthening of the anti-trafficking response. NGOs help to bridge capacity gaps through: Provision of shelter Support & Recovery services Witness care and protection Counseling Reintegration support Non-formal education, skills building, vocational training, among others…
Key Principles to Protection Trafficking situations vary greatly, as does the form of abuse and trauma inflicted on the victim…. An individualized case management response leads to the successful recovery of the victim… & Empowers victims of trafficking to participate in the Criminal Justice Process
Mapping the Process Agencies Active in Victim Identification Agencies that Provide Shelter & Recovery Reintegration Assistance Agencies involved in Return Foreign Affairs? NGOs/IOs? Police? Immigration? Government Shelters? Immigration? Social Welfare Dept.? NGOs/IOs? Others? NGO/IO Shelters? Police? Others? Consular Affairs? Others? Dept. of Health? Social Welfare Dept.? Foreign Affairs? Immigration? Social Welfare Dept.? NGOs/IOs? Others? Consular Affairs? Social Welfare Dept.?