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On 21 November 2013, at the Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria.

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Presentation on theme: "On 21 November 2013, at the Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria."— Presentation transcript:

1 on 21 November 2013, at the Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria

2  Some National Experience  Some Good Practices from the National Experience  Obstacles or Challenges in Practice  Some concerns to reflect on about the Draft  Recommendations

3 Most countries in the sub regions have laws, or legislations to deal with traffickers and to support victims;  In Ghana we have adopted the 5Rs approach  Research (Intelligence, surveillance, etc which helps in identifications)  Rescue  Rehabilitation (provide psychosocial, medical screening and treatment, funding, shelter, counselling, )  Reunification or Return ( family tracing where necessary, Home assessments, consular support, at times air/bus tickets, at times police escort where necessary  Reintegration: (some form of empowerment, like vocational training, helping deal with stigma, adjusting into their communities of origins,

4 The rationale behind rehabilitation is to enable the children rescued to reach full recovery and complete the healing process in order to give the child/victims an opportunity to have a promising future  Some NGOs in Ghana run Shelter that the government and law enforcement used. But not enough  Others Sponsors the Dept. of Social Welfare to help in the rehabilitation of the children they rescued  They provide Psychosocial support, Counseling  Medical Screening and Treatment  Needs Assessment - etc

5  Help Victim resettle in Community of origin  School/Vocational Placement where necessary  Provision of support to parents or guardians where victims are children  Micro credit and Micro grants to victims  Monitoring  some form of empowerment, like vocational training, helping deal with stigma, adjusting into their communities of origins,  Educational Campaigns  Empowerment of Vulnerable parents in these community of Origins or the source communities

6  Government working together with NGOs  Institutionalization of anti-trafficking curricula in training centers, i.e. police and immigration academies,  Development of Anti Human Trafficking Fund  Collaboration with INTERPOL  Using the 5Rs approach which leads to specialized care by actors  School feeding Program (Helps in Internal Trafficking)  Free and Compulsory Basic Education (Helps in Internal Trafficking)

7  Lack of government Commitment or Political Will (other economic pressing needs, these things doesn’t affect elections results)  Lack of Funding from Governments  No structures and systems for effective implementations (shelters, bureaucracies, etc)  Most of the support are donor driven (INGO and Inter- Governmental and NGO) when their funding stopped victims suffers)  High cost of victim care

8  7. States shall:  (a) Place the best interests of trafficked persons at the centre in providing measures of restitution;  Some of the victims have Stockholm Syndrome and are on the side of the traffickers. What happens?  (b) Provide trafficked persons with temporary or permanent residence status as a form of remedy where a safe return to the country of origin cannot be guaranteed, may place them at risk of persecution or further human rights violations, or is otherwise not in their best interests;  If victims still want to go what happens?

9  (c) Effectively address the root causes of trafficking in order to ensure that trafficked persons are not returned to the pre-existing situation which places them at risk of being re- trafficked or further human rights violations.  Most governments are aware of the root causes. Studies and researches have come out with these causes but yet are not addressing it, what should be the way forward?

10  8. States shall:  (a) Provide a non-conditional reflection and recovery period, during which trafficked persons are provided with measures necessary for the physical, psychological and social recovery, including, but are not limited to: appropriate housing, counselling and information about their situations and legal rights; medical, psychological and material assistance; and employment, educational and training opportunities;  For how long and if the State Parties don’t have the means what happens?

11  Traffickers properties and funds when confiscated should be used for remedies of victims  Budget allocation for effective remedies  View victim protection as a State Policy  Strong witness protection systems

12  For your Attention

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