Presentation on theme: "REFORMING AMERICAN SOCIETY"— Presentation transcript:
1 REFORMING AMERICAN SOCIETY CHAPTER 8REFORMING AMERICAN SOCIETY
2 Second Great Awakening Reject Calvinism -Unitarianism: Individual responsibility for salvationAfrican American Church - AME Church-also cultural, political and social center.Developed strong political voice
3 TRANSCENDENTALISTSRalph Waldo EmersonHenry David Thoreau
4 TRANSCENDENTALSIMEmphasized simple life & truth in nature; not organized religion.Humanitarian reforms -civil disobedienceUtopian societies begin to form.
5 Inside Thoreau’s Cabin at Walden Pond. I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only theEssential facts of life and see if I could not learn what it had to teach andNot, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived. Henry David Thoreau
7 Women’s Rights Movement Seneca Falls, NY 1848: Women publicly demand the right to vote for the first time.“We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men and women are created equal…” Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Declaration of Sentiments July 20, 1848
8 Women’s Rights Movement, cont’d. Voting rightsEducationAbolitionTemperanceIdea of Cult of Domesticity begins to fade.
9 SCHOOLS & PRISONS UNDERGO CHANGE POINT TO PONDER: Is it me, or do you find it ironic that jails and schools are mentioned in the same section?
11 SLAVERY IN 1800sPro slavery beliefs: biologically inferior intellectually inferior barbarians heathens some actually thought they were doing Africans a service.
12 NAT TURNER’S REBELLION August, Nearly 60 whites killed. -Turner executedResolve to control slaves strengthened.
13 FREDERICK DOUGLASS Became a leading abolitionist. Former slave Educated illegallyPublished newspapers: -The North StarBecame a leading abolitionist.Believed nation never fullyunderstood deep hurt slavery afflicted on African people.
14 LADIES!Are you sick and tired of sitting at home and never going anywhere?Are you weary of your husband telling you what to do?Do you have few or no marketable skills?We have an opportunity for you!
15 THE LOWELL MILL! What’s not to like? Cutting-edge mid-19th century technology at its finest! Behold the miracle of steam!All brick construction is here to stay…and so are you!Waterfront property (if you can call that sludge in what used to be a river water)Amenities: non-existent (what do you think this is? You’re here to work!)You don’t have to worry about your husband bossing you around because you’ll have an “understanding” manager who’ll do it for him!Earn pennies upon the dollar…a week!What’s not to like?ACTUALLY: conditions were so bad that workers went on strike several times. 15% pay cuts, 12.5% board charges, illness, etc…it was that bad.
16 IRISH IMMIGRANTS Potato famine forced 1 million + Irish to America. Eager to work for low wages and in horrible conditions.Easy prey for employers looking to break a strike.
17 NATIONAL TRADES’ UNION Artisans began to work together for better wages/conditionsCommonwealth v Hunt (1842): workers have right to strike.Workers now have a weapon against unfair labor practices of employers.