Presentation on theme: "Immigration Good Luck, emigrant!"— Presentation transcript:
1 Immigration Good Luck, emigrant! To immigrate means to enter a new country to live.To emigrate means to leave a country to live in another country.Good Luck, emigrant!Welcome, immigrant!
2 A forefather is a person in a family from whom others come; an ancestor ancestorsdescendantAn ancestor is any person from whom one is descendedA descendant is one in a family who comes from another person, like a daughter or granddaughter
3 A refugee leaves his/her own country in order to have freedom or safety elsewhere. These refugees will emigrate to another country. They will be immigrants in a new country.
4 The First American Immigrants Economic opportunities, earn money: JamestownReligious freedom: Quakers, PilgrimsFur trading, economic opportunities: Dutch traders
5 The GermansThe First Germans came to America in They were like the Quakers and wanted religious freedom in Pennsylvania. Some came because of crop failure in Germany.By the beginning of the Revolutionary War in the 1770’s, there were more than 225,000 Germans in America.By 1850, about 4 million German people had come to the United States.
6 German contributions: Kindergarten Heritage: property and /or custom that come from one’s ancestorsGerman contributions:Kindergartensauerkraut, pretzel, frankfurter, hamburgerMusical heritage, classical music
7 The IrishIn the 1500’s, the official religion in England was protestant. The Irish were Catholic. Laws were passed there that gave no rights to Catholic. They couldn’t own or rent land, go to school, or vote. They had to pay money to the English Church. The 1700’s were worse!Because they were so poor, most Irish peasants depended on potatoes for food. In 1845, a disease caused the potato crop to fail. Between , nearly one and one-half million people died of starvation because of the potato famine.
8 A famine is a very great shortage of food. Another one million left on ships for America although many died on the coffin ships.Most stayed in the cities and worked. They didn’t have money to buy land or travel. They stayed close together and formed “Little Irelands”.They worked hard in mines and helped to build the miles of the railroads.
9 Why? “The New” Immigrants The new immigrants came to America betweenThey came in much larger numbers than the old immigrants.Almost 20 million people came to America during this time.Why?
10 oprtunitpoyThey thought there was more opportunity in the United States.By 1882, America was changing to an industrial nation. People were needed to work in the factories.The new immigrants came mainly to work and live in the cities of America.
11 Where did the new Immigrants come from? NOT from the northern and western parts of EuropeSouthern Europe: Italians (Italy), Greeks (Greece), Portuguese (Portugal), Spanish (Spain)
12 Eastern Europe: Russians (Russia), Poles (Poland), Czechs (Czechoslovakia), Hungarians (Hungary) Immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe:Most were Catholic, Greek Orthodox, or JewishCame from governments with kings or queensCame from agricultural countries