5 Push FactorsPush factors are circumstances that generally push people out of their native country.
6 Push Factors1. Population Growth: Europe had better food and homes causing a population growth. Europe soon became overcrowded.
7 Push Factors2. Agricultural Changes: Landlords took advantage of city growth because of overcrowding. They forced residents out so that they could farm in large areas.
8 Push Factors3. Crop Failures: Poor farmers were in debt because of crop failures. It also caused them to starve. They chose to redeem themselves in America instead.
9 Push Factors4. Industrial Revolution: Factories made cheaper materials that artisans (skilled workers who make things by hand) could not compete with. Because of their unemployment status, some artisans decided to come to the United States.
10 Push Factors5. Religious and Political Chaos: Quakers from Norway, and Jewish people from Germany left to stay away from religious harassment. Germans also came because the German Revolution didn't work out.
11 Question 1In your opinion, which of the push factors was most significant? Explain your answer.
12 Pull FactorsPull factors are reasons or actions that attracted emigrants to the United States.
13 Pull Factors1. Freedom: In the United States, everyone had the freedom to practice anything they desire.
14 Pull Factors2. Economic Opportunity: Immigrants looked for a place to live a better life, and they found it in America.
15 Pull Factors3. Plentiful Land: The large amounts of land the United States gained (Louisiana Purchase, Texas Annexation, Oregon Country) attracted Europeans who faced overcrowding in their country.
16 Question 2In your opinion, which of the pull factors was most significant? Explain your answer.
17 Question 3Read the text carefully. What reasons did the Scandinavians, Germans, and Irish come to the United States?
18 The ScandinaviansThe Scandinavians came to the United States for economic opportunity
19 The GermansPeople from Germany left to stay away from religious harassment. Germans also came because the German Revolution didn't work out.
20 The IrishMost immigrants from Ireland were Catholic and were denied some rights, so they decided to come to the United States.
21 The IrishIn 1845, Ireland's main food crop, the potato, stopped growing causing a famine. This food shortage forced about two million people to emigrate from Ireland.
22 Question 4What contributions did Germans bring to America?
23 AnswerThe Christmas tree, hamburgers and hotdogs, gyms, and kindergartens came from Germany.
24 Question 5What are some problems the Irish faced when they arrived in America?
25 AnswerWhen they came to America, Irish men and women had no savings with little education.
26 Answer (Continued)Men worked building railroads in very dangerous conditions where many died.
27 Answer (Continued)Women became servants. They often had to fight for their jobs because they were competing with free African Americans.
28 Question 6Who are nativists? How did they feel about immigration? List 3 problems they blamed on immigrants.
29 AnswerNativists were people who resisted immigration. Nativists believed that immigration threatened the future of “native,” or American-born citizens
30 Answer (Continued)Some nativists accused immigrants of taking jobs from “real” Americans, and were angry that immigrants would work for lower wages.
31 Answer (Continued)Many Catholics, especially the Irish, experienced discrimination for their religious beliefs.
32 Answer (Continued)Other accused immigrants of bringing crime and disease to U.S. cities.
33 Wrap Up Questions1. What are push-pull factors?
34 Wrap Up Questions2. What push factors brought people to the United States?
35 Wrap Up Questions3. What pull factors brought people to the United States?
36 Wrap Up Questions4. What countries did a large number of people immigrate from?
37 Wrap Up Questions5. Who are nativists? Why did they resist immigration?