2 Speed control A motorist must always obey the speed limit. A good rule is to keep up with the flow of traffic at any legal speed.In order to make safe emergency stops when necessary, it is important to keep enough distance from surrounding traffic.Never drive faster than weather, road or other conditions safely allow, regardless of the posted speed limit.A motorist should slow down enough to be able to see clearly and stop quickly in traffic. Failure to do so can result in a moving violation.
3 Always slow down: On narrow or winding roads At intersections or railroad crossingsOn hillsAt sharp or blind curvesWhere there are pedestrians or driving hazardsWhen the road is wet or slippery
4 Speed Limits 25 mph - School zones, business or residential districts 35 mph – Suburban business and residential districts50 mph – Non-posted rural roadways55 mph – Certain state and interstate highways, as posted65 mph – Certain interstate highways, as posted (Double fines for most moving violations)
5 Can a you drive too slow?A motorist should always try to keep up with the normal flow of traffic, while not exceeding the posted speed limit.Some collisions are caused by driving too slowly and backing up traffic.
6 Safe CorridorsThe Safe Corridors law doubles fines on various state highways for a variety of driving offenses, including speeding and aggressive driving.Highways are designated as safe based on statistics showing crash rates 50 percent over the state rate and 1,000 or more crashes reported over a three-year period.
8 Controlled : An intersection is controlled if there are traffic signals or signs in any direction. A motorist must obey the signals and signs.
9 Uncontrolled : An intersection is uncontrolled when two or more roads join and there is no traffic signal or regulatory device.As a motorist nears a crossroad that is not controlled, he/she must reduce speed and be ready to stop if any traffic is coming from the right or left.
10 Blind :Buildings, parked vehicles or bushes may obstruct a motorist’s line of sight. Slow down and be prepared to stop.Traffic Circle:
12 Pass Only When SafeMost passing should be on the left. Passing on the right is allowed only on roads with more than one lane going in the same direction, if vehicles on the roadway are moving in two or more substantially continuous lines or when the motorist ahead is making a left turn and there is room to pass.
13 A motorist should not pass: On a hill or a curve or at any time he/she cannot see far enough aheadAt a street crossing or intersectionAt a railroad crossingOn narrow bridges or in underpasses or tunnelsWhen a sign prohibits passing or center lines restrict passingWhen behind a vehicle that has stopped to let a pedestrian cross
14 Yielding the right-of-way Emergency vehicles: when police cars, fire engines and ambulances are giving warning signs (sirens, flashing lights)Buses: when re-entering the flow of trafficPostal vehicles: when vehicle is seeking to re- enter the flow of trafficPedestrians: when in a crosswalk or seeking to cross a roadMotorized or mobility-assistance devices: when in a crosswalk or seeking to cross a roadOther vehicles that are already in the intersection
15 Entering highways, parkways and turnpikes Speed up to the flow of traffic when leaving the acceleration lane.Avoid coming to a complete stop in the acceleration lane.Yield to traffic and enter the right-hand lane when safe.
16 Leaving highways, parkways and turnpikes Start slowing down when entering a deceleration lane.Obey the posted advisory speed limit of the deceleration lane.When the exit is located on the left of a roadway, look for signs that will direct traffic to the proper lane for exiting.If you miss an exit, go on to the next one.
17 Special Highway, Parkway, and Turnpike Conditions Disabled Vehicle (other driver)Reduce speed and increase spaceChange lanes if possible
18 Special Highway, Parkway, and Turnpike Conditions Disabled Vehicle (yours)Pull off as far as possibleGet out of door on non -traffic sideTurn on flashersRaise the hoodStay in vehicle and lock doorsAsk someone to call for helpDon’t get into a stranger’s vehicle
19 Special Highway, Parkway, and Turnpike Conditions Always stay alert for Construction-area warning signsToll BoothsSlow downGreen means openEZ passWhen exiting expect to merge
20 Curves Adjust steering and speed because vehicles tend to go straight Best way to enter a curve is to slow down and avoid drifting into another lane
21 Right Turn on Red You may turn on red if: No signs posted You come to a COMPLETE stopCheck for traffic:You must yield to all oncoming traffic and pedestriansRemember to look for bicycles and mopeds
23 Left Turns Don’t Cut Corners Two vehicles may make a left turn at the center of an intersectionExtra caution must be appliedWhen turning left from a two- way road onto a four-lane highway you much turn onto the lane closest to you that you are allowed to drive in
24 Stopping RegulationsSigns, signals and traffic rules indicate when a motorist must stopA Motorist should never try to beat a traffic light changeMost accidents at the traffic signals happen in the first few second after the light has changed
25 Railroad Crossings Warning devices include: Pavement markingsFlashing lightsGatesBellsFlag signalsA motorist must stop at least 15 feet from railroad crossings when there is a train approachingNever stop on railroad tracks
26 School BusesYou must stop at least 25 Feet away (by state law) for a school bus with flashing red lightsYou do not need to stop if a median separates the road but you must reduce your speed to 10mphIf a school bus has stopped directly in front of a school to pick up or let off children you may pass at a speed of no more than 10 mph
27 Frozen Dessert TrucksStop; then proceed at no more than 15 mph
28 Emergency Vehicles NJ Law requires motorists to yield to signaling (lights and sirens) emergency vehiclesMove to the right and stop till they passStay 300 ft behind vehicleDO NOT park within 200 ft of a fired department vehicle or drive over a fire hose unless directed to do so
29 Move Over LawNJ Law requires motorists approaching a stationary vehicle that is displaying flashing lights, must change lanes if possible
30 Headlights Headlights must be used between ½ hour after sunset and ½ hour before sunriseWhen using windshield wipersFogBright beams are for open- country road driving; no trafficDim beams are for city driving; driving in traffic; with other motorists
31 ParkingIt is illegal for a vehicle to be parked more than six inches from the curb
32 Do Not ParkBetween a safety zone for pedestrians and the adjacent curb or within 20 ft of the end of the safety zoneWithin 10 ft of a fire hydrantWithin 25 ft of a cross walk at an intersection, or a side line of a street or intersection highwayWithin 50 ft of railroad crossingWithin 50 ft of a stop signWithin 20 ft of the driveway entrance to any fire stationWithin 75 ft on the street opposite a fire station entrance
33 Cell phones State law prohibits the use of handheld electronic devices Using a handheld cellular telephone or texting device is a primary offenseFine for breaking this law is between $100-$250A GDL motorist MAY NOT use a handheld or hands free device