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Day 4/Chapter 4 Bell Ringer

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1 Day 4/Chapter 4 Bell Ringer
Why do you think the laws to govern the speed limit were made? What are the following speed limits in the following areas school, residential area, business district, state highways, and interstates? Day 4/Chapter 4 Bell Ringer

2 Chapter 4 Learning Objectives
Students will be able to perform the necessary steps a responsible driver would take prior to starting a car. Students will be able to predict how certain road conditions affect stopping distance and adjust driving strategy to accommodate for each condition safely. Chapter 4 Learning Objectives

3 Safe Driving Rules and Regulations
Chapter 4

4 Speed Limits Non-Posted rural roadways
Activity: Get in your groups and write down the correct match for each speed limit. Select one member to come up to the board and write your group’s list. 2 3 1 4 5 Non-Posted rural roadways Suburban business and residential districts Certain interstate highways (as posted) School zones, business or residential districts Interstate highways and certain state highways (as posted)

5 Speed Limits… -School zones, business or residential districts
-Interstate highways and certain state highways (as posted) -Suburban business and residential districts -Certain interstate highways (as posted) -Non-posted rural roadways -Drivers pay double fines for speeding in a 65mph or construction zone

6 Passing… Do not pass when line is solid Passing allowed
Can I have a volunteer come up and label the pictures correctly? Do not pass when line is solid Passing allowed No passing zone Passing Allowed

7 Passing… -Only safe when there is no oncoming traffic -Most passing should be on the left True or False: Passing on the shoulder if a driver is making a left hand turn is allowed? False -Passing on the shoulder is never allowed and will result in a ticket… (Making a Left just ahead…)

8 True or False: Passing on the right is allowed when there is more than one lane going in the same direction? True As long as there is sufficient room to pass, a driver may pass on the right when there is more than one lane going in the same direction Passing… (Driver in left lane is making a left turn just ahead…)

9 Yielding the Right-of-Way…
Activity: In your groups, come up with a list of all the things you can think of when a driver must yield

10 Yes, you must yield to pedestrians in a cross-walk
If you don’t stop for pedestrians: -Fine up to $500 -Up to 25 days in jail -Community Service -Up to 6 months license suspension -2 points (as much as you may want to run them down if they are slow moving…)

11 Intersections… Controlled Intersection
-Has traffic signals or signs, or is controlled by a police officer -A driver must yield to the driver on the right if both arrive at the same time -A driver must yield to other drivers already stopped at the intersection Intersections…

12 Controlled Intersections…
If both cars arrive at the same time, which one must yield the right-of-way? If car A arrived 3 seconds before car B, does car B have to yield to car A? If a 3rd car came up at the bottom at the same time car A arrived, and the new car was making a left and car A was going straight, who yields? Hint: It is good practice to communicate with other drivers using hand signals and your horn to be safe at 4-way stops…

13 Intersections Uncontrolled Intersections
-When 2 or more roads join with no traffic signal or sign -A driver must reduce speed and be ready to stop if traffic is coming from the right or left Let’s recap yielding the right of way…

14 Traffic Circles… -No set rules regarding traffic circles in NJ
-Common sense and caution must prevail -Look for yield signs at each entrance to the circle -Most circles require drivers to yield to cars already in the circle

15 Entering Highways… Acceleration Lanes
Extra lanes at highway entrances used to speed up to the flow of traffic True or False: Do drivers already on the highway have to yield to cars entering from the acceleration lane? False! Drivers entering must yield to cars already on the highway

16 Exiting Highways… Deceleration Lanes
Extra lanes at a highway exit on the right hand side of the road Drivers should begin slowing down when entering the deceleration lane

17 Entering and Exiting Highways…
To ease traffic flow when entering and exiting highways from other highways, a clover leaf interchange is often necessary…

18 Driving through Curves…
What will a vehicle tend to do as you drive into a curve? Keep going straight What is the best way to enter a curve? Slow down before entering and avoid drifting into the other lane…

19 Turning Regulations… Right on Red
-Unless a “No Turn on Red” sign is posted, NJ law allows drivers to make a right turn on red Steps to “Turn right on red” 1. Come to a complete stop 2. Check for traffic and pedestrians 3. Yield to traffic and pedestrians When can you turn right with illuminated signs?

20 Activity: In your groups, come up with a specific, 4 step process to correctly make a right hand turn and write it down. Turning Continued…

21 Turning Continued… Right Turns How to make a right turn…
-Put on blinker 100 feet prior to turn -Stay as far right as possible -Check for oncoming traffic and pedestrians -Do not cross centerline on street you are turning onto How to make a right turn…

22 Turning Continued… Left Turns A B
-Put on blinker 100 feet prior to turn -Stay as close to the centerline as possible -Check for traffic and pedestrians -Yield to oncoming traffic (picture B) -Never cross lane markings -Follow traffic signals (picture A) Turning Continued… B

23 Turning Continued… Turning From a Two-Lane Road onto a Four-Lane Highway -Make the turn before reaching the center of intersection -Never cross lane markings -Turn into lane closest to center of highway you are turning onto Questions: Volunteer? If the blue car is turning left, which lane should he turn into? Can the purple van turn right at the same time the blue car is turning left? Making a left turn…

24 Stopping Regulations…
Railroad Crossings How far must a driver stop from a railroad crossing when lights are flashing or the arm is down? 15 Feet Stopping Regulations…

25 Stopping Regulations…
School Buses (A) How far must a driver stop from a school bus on a two-lane road if traveling behind the bus? 25 feet (B) How far must a driver stop from a school bus when traveling towards the school bus? B C Stopping Regulations… (C) How far must a driver stop from the stop sign when traveling along side a school bus? 25 feet

26 Stopping Continued… How far must car A and B stop from the school bus?
25 feet Does the Driver in the blue car have to stop for the school bus on a Four Lane Highway? Yes, and how far must the blue car stop from the front of the bus? 25 feet

27 Stopping Continued… How far must a driver stop from a school bus on a dual lane highway if the driver is on the opposite side of a grass or concrete median? Trick Question! The driver must slow to 10mph, but is not required to stop…

28 Stopping Continued… If a school bus is stopped directly in front of a school and is picking up or dropping off kids, a driver may pass at a speed of 10mph from either direction

29 Stopping Continued… If approaching a frozen dessert truck with flashing red lights, what should you do? Yield to anyone crossing the road to get to the truck Watch for children and be prepared to stop Stop, then drive past the truck no faster than 15mph

30 The “Move Over” Law… NJ drivers MUST change lanes when approaching:
-Emergency Vehicles -Tow Trucks -Highway Maintenance Vehicles -Stationary Vehicles Lane change must be to a lane not adjacent (next to) the emergency vehicle If safety or road markings prevent a lane change: -Reduce speed below posted speed limit -Be prepared to stop Violators could face fines from $100 to $500

31 Between ON! Using Headlights… 30 min after sunset
Can you think of any other times you use must headlights? ON! 30 min after sunset 30 min before sunrise

32 Headlights Continued…
Headlights must also be used: When visibility is less than 500 feet When wipers are on due to rain, snow, sleet and ice When fog is present

33 Headlights Continued…
Bright (High) Beams -Used for open-country driving when there is no traffic in sight -Illuminates up to 500 feet Dim (Low) Beams Headlights Continued… -Used for city driving and driving in traffic on roadways -Illuminates up to 350 feet

34 Parking Distances… 25 ft 10 ft 50 ft 75 ft 20 ft
Activity: In your groups, match the parking distances to the correct object/building. Write them down and choose one person to come up to the board and list your answers. 25 ft 10 ft 50 ft 75 ft 20 ft Crosswalk Stop Sign Fire Hydrant Street Opposite Fire House Driveway Railroad Crossing Driveway to Fire House

35 50 Ft 50 Ft 10 Ft 25 Ft 20 Ft 75 Ft Parking Distances…
Street Opposite Fire House Driveway Fire House Driveway

36 Cell Phones… -NJ Law prohibits the use of handheld cell phones
-Violating this law will result in a fine from $100 to $250 -Although hands free equipment is legal, it is discouraged There are a few instances where a handheld cell phone is allowed by law…can you think of any?

37 Cell Phones Continued…
A Driver may use a handheld cell phone to report the following: Road Hazard Fire Medical Emergency Hazardous Material Emergency Serious Accident

38 True or False: Throwing biodegradable items like banana peels, apple cores, etc is legal when they are thrown into the woods? FALSE! Littering… Throwing trash, debris or rubbish from a parked or moving car is illegal. Loss of license and/or fines up to $1,000 may be imposed for violating this law.

39 There will be a Quiz on chapter 3 and 4 tomorrow!
Let’s Review for a Quiz! There will be a Quiz on chapter 3 and 4 tomorrow!

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