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Chapter 4 Speed control A motorist must always obey the speed limit. A good rule is to keep up with the flow of traffic at any legal speed. In order.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 Speed control A motorist must always obey the speed limit. A good rule is to keep up with the flow of traffic at any legal speed. In order."— Presentation transcript:


2 Chapter 4

3 Speed control A motorist must always obey the speed limit. A good rule is to keep up with the flow of traffic at any legal speed. In order to make safe emergency stops when necessary, it is important to keep enough distance from surrounding traffic. Never drive faster than weather, road or other conditions safely allow, regardless of the posted speed limit. A motorist should slow down enough to be able to see clearly and stop quickly in traffic. Failure to do so can result in a moving violation.

4 Always slow down: On narrow or winding roads At intersections or railroad crossings On hills At sharp or blind curves Where there are pedestrians or driving hazards When the road is wet or slippery

5 Speed Limits 25 mph - School zones, business or residential districts 35 mph – Suburban business and residential districts 50 mph – Non-posted rural roadways 55 mph – Certain state and interstate highways, as posted 65 mph – Certain interstate highways, as posted (Double fines for most moving violations)

6 Can a you drive too slow? A motorist should always try to keep up with the normal flow of traffic, while not exceeding the posted speed limit. Some collisions are caused by driving too slowly and backing up traffic.

7 Safe Corridors The Safe Corridors law doubles fines on various state highways for a variety of driving offenses, including speeding and aggressive driving. Highways are designated as safe based on statistics showing crash rates 50 percent over the state rate and 1,000 or more crashes reported over a three-year period.

8 Intersections

9 Controlled : An intersection is controlled if there are traffic signals or signs in any direction. A motorist must obey the signals and signs.

10 Uncontrolled : An intersection is uncontrolled when two or more roads join and there is no traffic signal or regulatory device. As a motorist nears a crossroad that is not controlled, he/she must reduce speed and be ready to stop if any traffic is coming from the right or left.

11 Blind :Buildings, parked vehicles or bushes may obstruct a motorist’s line of sight. Slow down and be prepared to stop. Traffic Circle:

12 vLmcoY&feature=related (intersections) vLmcoY&feature=related U0Wlw&feature=relmfu (signal intersections) U0Wlw&feature=relmfu

13 Passing

14 Pass Only When Safe Most passing should be on the left. Passing on the right is allowed only on roads with more than one lane going in the same direction, if vehicles on the roadway are moving in two or more substantially continuous lines or when the motorist ahead is making a left turn and there is room to pass.

15 A motorist should not pass: On a hill or a curve or at any time he/she cannot see far enough ahead At a street crossing or intersection At a railroad crossing On narrow bridges or in underpasses or tunnels When a sign prohibits passing or center lines restrict passing When behind a vehicle that has stopped to let a pedestrian cross

16 Yielding the right-of-way Emergency vehicles: when police cars, fire engines and ambulances are giving warning signs (sirens, flashing lights) Buses: when re-entering the flow of traffic Postal vehicles: when vehicle is seeking to re- enter the flow of traffic Pedestrians: when in a crosswalk or seeking to cross a road Motorized or mobility-assistance devices: when in a crosswalk or seeking to cross a road Other vehicles that are already in the intersection

17 9k1BSaE (passing) 9k1BSaE OmDGydsHc (merging into traffic) OmDGydsHc

18 Lane Separating Lines Yellow = Opposite Direction Traffic White = Same Direction Traffic

19 Entering highways, parkways and turnpikes Speed up to the flow of traffic when leaving the acceleration lane. Avoid coming to a complete stop in the acceleration lane. Yield to traffic and enter the right-hand lane when safe.

20 Leaving highways, parkways and turnpikes Start slowing down when entering a deceleration lane. Obey the posted advisory speed limit of the deceleration lane. When the exit is located on the left of a roadway, look for signs that will direct traffic to the proper lane for exiting. If you miss an exit, go on to the next one.

21 Special Highway, Parkway, and Turnpike Conditions


23 Always stay alert for Construction-area warning signs Toll Booths ◦ Slow down ◦ Green means open ◦ EZ pass ◦ When exiting expect to merge

24 Curves

25 Right Turn on Red

26 Right Turns Do not swing into another lane Do not swing into another lane

27 Left Turns

28 3OHRqpss&feature=relmfu 3OHRqpss&feature=relmfu (turns)

29 Stopping Regulations

30 Railroad Crossings

31 School Buses

32 Frozen Dessert Trucks

33 Emergency Vehicles NJ Law requires ◦ motorists to yield to signaling (lights and sirens) emergency vehicles ◦ Move to the right and stop till they pass ◦ Stay 300 ft behind vehicle DO NOT park within 200 ft of a fire department vehicle or drive over a fire hose unless directed to do so

34 Move Over Law

35 Headlights

36 Parking It is illegal for a vehicle to be parked more than six inches from the curb

37 Do Not Park Between a safety zone for pedestrians and the adjacent curb or within 20 ft of the end of the safety zone Within 10 ft of a fire hydrant Within 25 ft of a cross walk at an intersection, or a side line of a street or intersection highway Within 50 ft of railroad crossing Within 50 ft of a stop sign Within 20 ft of the driveway entrance to any fire station Within 75 ft on the street opposite a fire station entrance

38 Cell phones

39 Signs

40 Signs that Regulate or control the movement of traffic Red, White or Black Regulatory Signs

41 Stop Sign ◦ Octagon shaped sign Yield Sign ◦ Triangle Shaped sign Examples

42 alert drivers to surprise situations on the road Diamond Shaped Sign Warning Signs – yellow Construction Signs - Orange Warning/ Construction Signs

43 Railroad Crossing ◦ Black and yellow (circle) Examples

44 provide information for drivers Green, Blue, Brown Guide Signs

45 you can understand without knowing another language Can also be Regulatory, warning/construction, or guide signs International Signs

46 Traffic Light Red=Stop Yellow=do not enter intersection stop if you can Green=Go when safe to do so.

47 Zxhj6Jgc&list=UUPm2Rkt8aDQhVpS a85ttlxA Zxhj6Jgc&list=UUPm2Rkt8aDQhVpS a85ttlxA (signs)

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