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Chapter 2 Notes Traffic Signs.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2 Notes Traffic Signs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 2 Notes Traffic Signs

2 Shapes Octagon-Stop

3 2. Triangle- Yield Sign

4 3. Vertical Rectangle- Regulatory Sign

5 4. Pentagon- School

6 5. Round- Railroad Crossing

7 6. Pennant-No Passing

8 7. Diamond-Warning

9 8. Horizontal Rectangle-Guide

10 Colors 1. Red-Stop, Yield, or Prohibited

11 2. Yellow-Warning

12 3. White-Regulatory

13 4. Orange-Construction or Detour

14 5. Black-Regulatory

15 6. Green-Guide

16 7. Blue-Motorist Service

17 8. Brown-Public recreation and Cultural interest

18 Four Categories of Signs
1. Regulatory Stop Sign Full complete stop!! Yield to pedestrians or other vehicles in intersection Stop before entering intersection if no stop line Stop at stop line before entering crosswalk

19 Four way stop Driver who stopped first goes first
When cars at right angles stop at the same time driver on the right goes first Signal your intention to proceed by moving forward slowly before entering intersection Keep looking left and right while driving through intersection(use eye contact)

20 Yield Sign Always slow or stop and give right of way to cross traffic

21 Speed Limit Signs Set for ideal conditions
“Basic Speed Law” – If no limit is posted you may not drive faster than is safe for the existing conditions

22 Speed Limit Signs(continued)
Minimum Speed Limits- Highway and expressway do no drive slower than posted unless conditions are bad

23 Speed Limit Signs(continued)
Advisory Speed Limits- Sharp curves, etc . . .

24 Speed Limit Signs(continued)
Special Speed Limits- Certain times of the day- School Zones, Construction Zones, etc . . .

25 Other Regulatory Signs
Direct Traffic Direct One-Way Traffic Control parking and passing Restrict pedestrians or truck traffic

26 Lettering on Traffic Signs
Red letters on white sign – tell what not to do Black letters on white sign – tell what to do Black symbol in red circle crossed with a slash – prohibits a certain action

27 2. Warning Signs Diamond Shaped (yellow) – warn of danger ahead. Be prepared to slow or stop

28 Warning Signs (continued)
No Passing Signs (Pennants yellow) – appears at the start of a no passing zone (left side of road). Must complete pass before reaching this sign.

29 Warning Signs (continued)
Railroad Sign (round, yellow, black “X”, 2 R’s) Posted 250 ft. before crossing (City) Posted 750 ft. before crossing (Rural)

30 Warning Signs (continued)
School Signs – Yellow pentagon with 2 children. Posted within a block of school School Zone School Crossing

31 Warning Signs (continued)
Construction Signs – (orange diamond shaped) –Warn of construction zones or slow moving construction vehicles

32 3. Guide Signs Guide Signs – Provide information

33 Guide Signs (continued)
Route Signs  Interstate – red, white, blue U.S. Highway- black with white shield State Route – black with white circle

34 Guide Signs (continued)
Other Guide Signs Green- provide mileage information Blue- highlight services Brown- recreational or cultural point

35 4. International Signs

36 Traffic Signals Traffic lights- placed at intersections to control traffic Red light-top circle- you must come to full stop. Stop behind lines, crosswalk, or intersection. Yellow light- second circle- make every reasonable effort to stop at intersection. Green light- third circle- proceed only if intersection is clear. Be prepared for light to turn yellow then red. Be prepared to stop.

37 Right turn on Red Come to a full complete stop.
Make sure turn is legal. Let pedestrians and other vehicles (including bicyclists) clear the intersection Complete your right turn only if the intersection is , and will remain free of traffic

38 Flashing Signals- used to caution drivers or to tell them to stop
Flashing Red- make complete stop, a stop sign and line may be used here Flashing Yellow- slow down, be prepared to stop

39 Arrows- traffic must flow in the direction the arrow is pointing.
Green Arrow- turn in the direction, yield to pedestrians Yellow Arrow- warns you that a red light is about to appear- you must stop Straight Arrow(green)- no turns

40 Lane Signals- for shared use of lanes in cities
Green Arrow- drive in that lane with green arrow over it Yellow “X”or arrow- move to lane with green arrow, this lane is about to close Red “X” – lane is closed to traffic in your direction

41 Pedestrian Signals walk/don’t walk- usually walk signal and green light will be on at the same time for pedestrian and traffic going in the same direction

42 Officer’s Signals Obey over any other traffic signals. Palm up-STOP
Hand waving- GO

43 ROADWAY MARKINGS They give you a warning or direction

44 1. Yellow Lines Broken Yellow – used to separate two way traffic. A driver may also pass. Solid Yellow- passing on that side of the road is not allowed. Passing is allowed when the line stops. Solid Double Yellow- divides traffic (often on 4-Lane) may not pass.

45 White Line Markings Broken White- separates lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. Solid white- keeps drivers in their lanes and restrict lane changing. Also used along the side of the roadway. White Arrows- used in lanes to tell you when and where to turn. With the word ONLY, you must continue in the direction of the arrow. Crosswalks- stop before the white line.

46 Rumble Strips and Raised Markers (reflectors)
alert you to hazards or mark the driving lane at night.

47 Other roadway markers No parking- curb markers, usually yellow are by fire hydrants and intersections. Yellow Lines- mark obstruction School Crossings- white lines and lettering Exit Ramps- whites lines- show where exit starts Railroad Crossing- white “X” with two “R’s” Handicapped Parking- white wheelchair, for handicapped only

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