2 Warm Up QuestionsWhat were the role of spies in the pre-revolutionary period?Was Paul Revere a spy? Provide evidence to support your answer.What was the reasons why General Gage sent troops to Lexington and Concord?What was the mission of the midnight riders?
3 Background Just before the Battle Some 4,000 redcoats were stationed in BostonGeneral Gage sent 700 troops to Concord, Mass. on April 18, 1775To destroy or capture the ammunition and guns the colonists had accumulated in ConcordPlanned to arrest John Hancock and Samuel Adams: two prominent patriot leadersThe midnight riders alerted the towns and the colonists prepared for the arrival of the British soldiers
4 The Battle “The New England governments are in a state of rebellion.” King GeorgeColonists were prepared for a fightMinutemen were called upon to fightWhen the British arrived, Captain Jonas Parker and 70 minutemen were waitingApril 19, 1775: THE SHOT HEARD AROUND THE WORLDA British commander ordered the Americans to drop their weaponsThey refused, and shots were firedNo one knows who fired the first shot
5 Battle cont.. There was an exchange of gunfire, and the Minutemen fled British marched to ConcordDestroyed the town’s suppliesMilitia men were beginning to come from all over the areaA skirmish broke out at Concord’s North BridgeBritish retreated to BostonWere fired upon the whole way backGage sent 1500 more soldiers to avoid disaster
6 Battle cont… The Revolutionary War had begun After the first day of fightingBritish casualties: 273American casualties: less than 100Mass. Sent militia to capture two fortsTiconderoga and Crowne PointFor a brief moment in history, farmers stood up to the greatest military in the worldThis empire defeated the French and Spanish!!
13 What This All Means“ A brothers’ sword has been sheathed in a brother’s heart, and the once-happy and peaceful plains of America are either to be drenched in blood or inhabited by a race of slaves. Can a virtuous man hesitate in his choice?”George Washington
14 Choose Your Side Americans now had a choice to make War was inevitable--the British would send more troops and fightWho do the Americans side with??Patriots: those who sided with the revolutionary cause (called rebels)Loyalists: those who supported the BritishThe decisions made would tear apart communities, family and friends
15 Which side would you choose? PatriotsPros:Independence and the chance to form your own nationNo longer under the tyrannical rule of the BritishHave the peace and prosperity sought afterCons:Labeled as traitors, punishable by deathCreating your own governmentPreparing to fight the greatest military power in the world without an army
16 Which side would you choose? LoyalistsPros:Maintain the status quoContinue to have the same freedoms as before; just have the rights addressedProtection given by the greatest military in the worldConsLabeled as traitorsNo ability to participate in creation of governmentGoing against communities, family and friends
17 Loyalist Vs. Patriot Debate The colonists believed in the idea of sharing ideas and opinions in the form of debates: You will have a debate against one anotherEach group member will come up with 10 arguments supporting their side (Loyalist or Patriot)Why you are a Patriot, or LoyalistTomorrow, you will organize your arguments with your group membersYou will choose 4 members to represent your sideAs a group, you will create an opening argument: at least 2-5 minutes longYou will discuss potential arguments the other side will have and try to counter them with your own
18 Debate RulesI will be the mediator; controlling the time and the flow of the debateOne side will present an argument, followed by a one minute rebuttal from the other side, followed by a 30 second response from the presenting sideWe will alternate sides until the 10 arguments have been fully presentedYou will write a one page reaction to the debateInclude your thoughts on the idea of a debate, and whether or not you feel this forum works