Presentation on theme: "The American Revolution Begins. First Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia of colonial delegates in 1774. stopped trade with Britain and alerted."— Presentation transcript:
First Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia of colonial delegates in 1774. stopped trade with Britain and alerted colonial militias to prepare for war. Declaration of Rights - right to “life, liberty, and property” King George refused Dec. of Rights
sent British troops to Concord to seize the local militia’s weapons arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock in Lexington. Paul Revere and William Dawes would ride to Lexington to warn Adams and Hancock. British General Thomas Gage Lexington & Concord
Battle of Lexington & Concord April 19, 1775 = First battle of American Revolution Minutemen (Massachusetts’ militia) British Troops (Redcoats) under Major Pitcairn
Shot Heard ‘Round the World Someone fired the first shot at Lexington. Who was it -- the Colonists or the British?
The Battle of Lexington & Concord No one knows who fired the first shot By the time the British reached Concord the Minutemen had already moved some of the weapons. The fighting continued and the British were forced to retreat back to Boston. The British had over 250 casualties, compared to less than 100 for the colonists. This would later be considered the first battle of the American Revolution.
Second Continental Congress colonial meeting in Philadelphia in May 1775. Some called for peace, others for war. Compromised & sent Olive Branch Petition to King George. (King refused it.) George Washington to command new Continental Army and prepare for war