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A Call to Arms 1774-1775.

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Presentation on theme: "A Call to Arms 1774-1775."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Call to Arms

2 First Continental Congress
Meets in Carpenter’s Hall, September 5, All colonies except Georgia send delegates.

3 Important Delegates Sam Adams John Adams

4 Important Delegates Patrick Henry Richard Henry Lee

5 Important Delegates John Jay George Washington

6 Results of the Congress
Pledge mutual support of each other. Called for repeal of the 13 Acts passed by Parliament from Boycott British goods. Not to sell goods to West Indies. Adopted Suffolk Resolves. Militias are formed. Agreed to meet in May, 1775.

7 Patrick Henry March 25, 1775 proclaims, “Give me liberty or give me death!”

8 Colonists Prepare to Fight
Throughout the colonies militias are form. Arms and ammunition are stored.

9 General Thomas Gage April 18, 1775 orders troops to march to Concord, MA, and capture arms , supplies, and rebel leaders.

10 Rebel Leaders John Hancock Samuel Adams

11 Warning Riders Paul Revere & William Dawes
Revere’s Ride Map

12 Militia who were ready to fight at a moments notice.
Minutemen Militia who were ready to fight at a moments notice.

13 Lexington 77 minutemen led by Colonel John Parker confront the British. A shot is fired, then many. 8 colonists killed. “Shot heard ‘round the world.”

14 Concord British march on to Concord. Met by patriots at Concord River Bridge. Shots exchanged, 8 British soldiers killed.

15 British March to Boston
Was a 19 mile running gun battle. 73 British killed. 174 wounded. 26 missing.

16 War! The clashes at Lexington and Concord were the beginning of what would become an 8 year war, starting near Boston, and ending off the coast of India.

17 Fort Ticonderoga Strategically located at southern end of Lake Champlain, it guarded access to the Hudson River. It also contained scores of cannon and other military supplies.

18 Attack on Ticonderoga Ethan Allen Benedict Arnold

19 Capture of Ticonderoga
Unaware of Lexington and Concord, British had one sentry who had fallen asleep. Fort was capture without firing a shot.

20 British Reaction Thousands of troops and four generals will be sent to America.
Sir Henry Clinton John Burgoyne

21 Charles Cornwallis Sir William Howe

22 Battle of Bunker Hill Night of June 16, 1775, Col. William Prescott had his men move from a fort on Bunker Hill to Breed’s Hill, closer to the British.

23 British Attack On June 17, 2,200 British troops attack the American positions. Twice the British are repelled. During the third assault, Americans run out of ammunition and are forced to retreat.

24 Results of the Battle British learn they cannot fight a war this way.
Americans learn Britain is not going to give up America easily

25 Choosing Sides Loyalists or Tories Patriots or Whigs
Colonists who wanted to remain loyal to the King. One third of the population. Colonists who wanted independence from Great Britain. One third of the population.

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