2 1764In 1764 the Sugar Act was pushed through Parliament. The act taxed sugar, coffee, indigo, and molasses from anywhere but Britain.
3 1764The Currency Act prohibits the colonists from issuing any legal paper money, and required colonists to pay all debts in gold or silver.
4 1765In 1765 Parliament passed the Stamp Act. Stamps sold by the British government had to placed on a variety of items. These included legal papers, advertisements, newspapers, calendars, and playing cards.
5 1765Quartering Act requires colonists to house and supply British soldiers.
6 “… whether any methods can be found to elude the chains forged for us…” “Enough is enough”1773 Boston Tea PartyDescription: Stamp Act protest by William Bradford
7 First Continental Congress When: September 1774Where: Independence Hall – PhiladelphiaWhy: Because of the Intolerable ActsWho: John Adams, Sam Adams, Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Thomas JeffersonWhat Happens: 1. Ban all trade with England 2. Train Our Militia (volunteer army) (2nd amendment?)
8 Colonists began forming their own militia to resist the British.
9 BritainBritish General Thomas Gage is put in control of Boston – with many British Soldiers.
10 GageGage hears that the Patriots have an arsenal (garage for weapons) in Concord and Lexington.In secret, Gage and 800 troops march to Lexington to seize (take) the weapons.Patriots find out that the British are on the way – and send messengers to warn them are dispatched. (Paul Revere and Robert Dawes)
11 LexingtonThe Patriots are prepared. The minute men gather to meet the British Troops.Shots are fired and 8 patriots are killed. “shot heard around the world”
16 Concord2 shots are fired and the Major John Buttrick, leader of the local Concord militia, implored his men to retaliate.This was the first time American militia had fired on the British army.
17 Second Continental Congress MAY 1775Second Continental CongressMeeting in Philadelphia. Colonial Representativesformed the Continental Army.George Washington was named general of the Continental Army.
18 Second Continental Congress When: May 1776Where: Independence Hall, PhiladelphiaWhy: Lexington & ConcordWho: Thomas Jefferson, Sam Adams, John Adams, James Madison. No George Washington – getting ready for war.What: Vote to declare independence and vote to create Continental Army, Appoint George Washington Leader.
19 Colonists try to avoid war and send a last ditch effort for peace. July 1775Olive Branch PetitionColonists try to avoid war and send a last ditch effort for peace.They send the “Olive Branch Petition” to King George III.He refused.
20 Paine wrote Common Sense, a 79-page pamphlet in which he offered “nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense" on the idea of American independence from England. He began…"We have it in our power to begin the world anew...American shall make a stand, not for herself alone, but for the world,"
21 Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776Declaration of IndependenceThis document was written by Thomas JeffersonConsidered treason against England.Punishable by death.
22 Declaration of Independence When: 1776 at Continental CongressWhere: PhiladelphiaWhy: Breaking up with EnglandWho: Patriots – Thomas Jefferson main author.What: Colonist list grievances (complaints) against England.
23 Treaty of Paris France Effects 1783 Formal end to war US is independent.Outlined US boundaries. (Canada, Florida and Mississippi RiverUS gets fishing rights.Both sides repay debts.Return captured items.
24 Treaty of Paris When: 1783 Where: Paris, France Why: To end the war. Who: Patriots & BritainWhat: Formally ended the war and recognized America as it’s own country.