2 Causes of the Warnationalism – feeling that a specific nation, language, or culture is superior to all othersimperialism – creating an empire by taking over other nations (Britain, France, Germany, Italy, U.S.)militarism – aggressive military preparedness; ex. European nations built larger militaries than ever before
3 The SparkAustria-Hungary heir, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, killed by Serbian radicals Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia Russia was allies with Serbia Germany allies with Austria-Hungary so…Germany declares war on RussiaCentral Powers – Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire (Turkey)Allied Powers – Britain, France, Italy, & Russia
4 War in Europetrench warfare – strategy of defending a position by fighting from the protection of deep ditches (i.e. bunkers)technology – machine guns, poison gas (mustard, chlorine), tanks, airplanes, & submarinesU-boats or submarines (Germans)
5 America Enters the WarGerman U-boat sank the Lusitania, a British passenger ship, holding 128 Americans; Germans broke international lawThe President, Woodrow Wilson, prolonged U.S. neutrality and wanted world peaceZimmerman telegram – German foreign minister wrote a confiscated note to Mexico which proposed an alliance between the two against U.S. outraged Americansfrom isolationism to saving the day!
6 The Big 4 (leaders) were: Vittorio Orlando – ItalyGeorge Clemencea – FranceDavid Lloyd George – Great BritainWoodrow Wilson – U.S.