Presentation on theme: "Trick to Remember countries in WWI"— Presentation transcript:
1 Trick to Remember countries in WWI FURBBS BAG of “O”’s FURBBS = Allies BAG of “O”s = Central Powers
2 The Alliances France United States Russia Belgium British Empire Allied PowersCentral PowersFranceUnited StatesRussiaBelgiumBritish EmpireSerbiaBulgariaAustro-Hungarian EmpireGerman EmpireOttoman Empire
3 World War I (WWI)The immediate cause was the assassination of Archduke Franz FerdinandHe was the heir to the throne of Austria- HungaryHe was assassinated in June 1914 by a Serbian nationalist while on an official visit to Bosnia.
4 Underlying Causes of WWI There were 4 underlying causes: Think MAINMilitarismAlliancesImperialismNationalism
5 Militarism: Building up armed forces to get ready for war
6 Alliances: Agreements or promises to defend and help another country
7 Imperialism: trying to build up an empire by physically and economically controlling other countries
8 Nationalism: Having pride in your country and being willing to defend it
9 Spanish American War ended US policy of Isolationism (1898) US ExpansionismSpanish American War ended US policy of Isolationism (1898)SPAN-AM War = US emerges as a world powerWWI ended US policy of avoiding European conflicts ( )WWI = US emerges as a global superpower
10 WWI Details Two minor allies were Italy and Japan. Actual fighting began in August when Germany invaded BelgiumWWI was the introduction of Trench Warfare
11 WWI use of advanced weapons Improved cannons and improved gunsNew inventions and destructive weapons;The TankPoison Gas ( Gas masks became standard issue)Combat airplanesGerman “U-boats”
17 American Neutrality comes to an end Up to 1917, the US opposed war. Woodrow Wilson was re-elected as President with the slogan:“He kept us out of war!”But that was all about to change!
18 Reasons for Americas involvement in WWI THERE WERE 4 REASONSUS inability to remain neutralUnited States economic and political ties to Great BritainGerman submarine warfare: In 1915 they sank the Lusitania (1000 people died, 128 were Americans)The Zimmerman Telegram
19 Zimmerman TelegramThe Zimmerman Telegram – was a secret message from Germany to Mexico that the British intercepted (January 1917).The message said that if Mexico helped Germany invade and defeat the US, than Germany would help them get back all the land they lost in the Mexican American War (1848)Americans were angry and wanted to go to war
20 America enters the WarApril 6, President Wilson and the Congress declare war!More than 2 millionAmericans entered themilitary to fight inWWI
21 WWI after U.S. entryAllied forces desperately needed the help, they were drained and starving.Russia withdrew and now all of Germany’s attention was on the Western front.The Allies didn’t just stop the German advance, but pushed them back to Germany.
22 The end of WWINovember 11, 1918, Germany’s government is overthrown and the new leaders quickly agree to an armistice (an agreement to end the fighting)
23 After the War Outlined new boundaries and nations in Europe More than 9 Million soldiers lost their livesPresident Woodrow Wilson was seen as a hero to all of EuropeWilsons peace proposal was called “Fourteen Points”Outlined new boundaries and nations in EuropeCalled for free trade, freedom of the seas and an end to secret treaties
24 League of NationsWilson’s final and biggest point was to create the League of Nations, a peacekeeping organization.
25 Treaty of VersaillesGermany had to pay billions of dollars in reparations to the AlliesGermany had to give up some land and all their coloniesAustro-Hungarian empire and Russia were carved up to create smaller new countries or restore old ones.
28 USA rejects the Treaty of Versailles USA did not want to punish the Central Powers, but the Allies sought revengeUSA never signed the harsh treaty or joined the league of Nations.Question: Why do you think the USA refused to sign the Treaty?