3 Page 273 Sources of tension in Europe 1.Militarism- building up of military power to prepare for war. 2.Imperialism- strong countries seeking to control weaker countries. 3.Nationalism- love of nation and desire to have one’s nation free from control of others. 4.Alliances- agreement among nations to defend one another.
4 Page 273 AlliancesAllied Powers- Great Britain, France, Russia, Serbia, and Belgium. Central Powers- Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey.
5 War begins Page 273On June 28th, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand (future leader of Austria-Hungary) and his wife were assassinated by a Serbian rebel.
7 War begins Page 273On June 28th, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand (future leader of Austria-Hungary) and his wife were assassinated by a Serbian rebel.Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia and declared war on them.
13 Page 273-4 “The Great War” begins On June 28th, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand (future leader of Austria-Hungary) and his wife were shot in Bosnia by a Serbian rebel.Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia and declared war on them.The countries of each alliance declared war on the other alliance, and World War 1 began.
14 Soldiers fought in trenches (ditches that stretched for hundreds of miles). Little progress was made in this type of fighting and casualties were high.
16 President Woodrow Wilson had a policy of isolationism (to remain neutral).
17 Open Notes Quiz pg.273 1.List the countries of the Allied Powers. 2.List the 4 sources of tension in Europe.3.What event started the “Great War”?(Be specific with your answer include date too)4.What country did Austria-Hungary declare war on?5.Identify Alvin C. York.
22 Page 275 US enters the war.On May 7, 1915 Germany sank a British passenger ship the Lusitania. Wilson warns Germany not to attack non-military ships.In January 1917, the Germans sent a secret message (Zimmerman telegram) asking Mexico to attack the US if the US attacked Germany. Germany would then help Mexico get back land (Southwest) from the US.
24 In March 1917,three American trade ships are sunk. Page 275 US enters the war.February 1917, Germany orders submarines to attack any ship suspected of carrying weapons to the Allied Powers.In March 1917,three American trade ships are sunk.April 6, 1917 Congress declares war on Germany at President Wilson request.
26 Open Notes Quiz pg.2751.What did President Wilson’s policy of “isolationism” mean?2.What was the date that Congress declared war on Germany?3.The secret message sent to the Mexican government was called_____ ______.4.What was trench warfare?5.What was the name of the British passenger ship that Germany sank?
27 Gen. John J Pershing commanded the American forces in Europe. Page 276 America at WarGen. John J Pershing commanded the American forces in Europe.*The arrival of American troops in Europe dramatically increased the fighting strength of the Allied Powers. (4 million US fighters)Eddie Rickenbacker was a US fighter “Ace.”Sergeant Alvin C. York was given the Medal of Honor for his actions in France.
28 Poison gas (German) and gas masks Airplane Machine guns Page 277 New TechnologiesPoison gas (German) and gas masksAirplaneMachine gunsTanks (British)Submarines (German U-boat)Zeppelins (German)- airships/blimpsFlame throwers (Germans)
38 Americans Helped With The War 1.Men served in the military.2.Women took men’s jobs. Also women and African Americans took factory jobs left by men producing war goods.3.Food Administration was established to encourage food conservation. “Food Will Win the War!” People conserved food-meatless Tuesdays – Wheat less Wednesday4.People planted “war gardens” so crops could be sent to soldiers.5.People bought bonds.6.People gave money to the Red Cross.7.People made patriotic posters and sang patriotic songs
39 AMERICANS HELP WITH THE WAR American men volunteered to serve in the military!
46 Open Notes Quiz 1. Pride in one’s nation is called____________. 2. Name of the British passenger ship sank by the Germans on May 7, 1915.3. What event caused WWI in Europe?4. Who was president of the US during WWI?5. Soldiers fought from __________ (ditches) for the first time during WWI.6. German submarines were called ___________.7. Name 4 Central Powers.8. Name 4 biggest (major) Allied Powers.9. What was the U.S. policy to stay neutral called?10. Name 2 reasons the U.S. joined the war.11. What was the most important thing women did to help with the war effort?12. List one way Americans helped with the war at home.13.Name a new technology used in WW1.
47 Page 279 The War EndsOn November 11, 1918, the Central Powers surrendered. November 11 is Veteran’s Day.This war had been so devastating and costly it was called “The War to End All Wars,” because no one could imagine it happening again.
48 Page 280 US and the Peace Process President Wilson suggested an international organization to prevent wars called the League of Nations.The Treaty of Versailles ended WWI. It required Germany to pay reparations (fines to rebuild Europe) and Germany could not rebuild its army.*The US never signed the treaty because they disagreed on the harsh treatment of Germany and feared the League of nations might put the U.S in other wars.
49 http://www. socialistworker. co. uk/chimage. php British prime minister David Lloyd George (left) at Versailles with the French prime minister Georges Clemenceau and the US president Woodrow Wilson.