Presentation on theme: "To what extent did the railways change Britain? L/O – To evaluate how the railways changed life in Britain Starter – List 2 advantages and 2 disadvantages."— Presentation transcript:
To what extent did the railways change Britain? L/O – To evaluate how the railways changed life in Britain Starter – List 2 advantages and 2 disadvantages of canals.
How did the Railway develop? The canals became very busy. Journeys took longer and longer as barges queued to get through locks. Gradually businessmen began to exploit the possibilities of a new transport system: the railway.
The Potential of Railways James Watt Matthew Boulton locomotive As soon as James Watt and Matthew Boulton built the steam engine that could turn a wheel, it was just a question of time before a locomotive was made. engine rails Richard Trevithick A locomotive is an engine that moves along rails and the man credited with building the first one was Richard Trevithick in 1804. 1825 Stockton to Darlington The 1825 Stockton to Darlington railway was the worlds first passenger railway.
The Rainhill Trials George Stephenson The first major line was the new Liverpool to Manchester railway designed by George Stephenson in 1829. £500 Stephenson needed a steam engine to pull a passenger train on the line and the prize for the winning design was £500. A crowd of 15,000 turned up on the day. But what was the winning design?
How did the railways change industry and leisure time? 1847250,000 Railways soon became big business. By 1847 over 250,000 people were employed by the industry. demand for iron and coal The coming of the railways increased the demand for iron and coal. Stations were built across the country. businessmen reached quickly London businessmen began to move to cities such as Birmingham, Glasgow and Manchester because they could now be reached quickly by rail.
How did the railways change Britain? 1.Sort the cards on the hand-out into two groups and stick them in your books: a)Economic effects of the railways b)Social effects of the railways 2.Design a mind map and include the 4 most important economic effects and 4 most important social effects: 3.Can you see any links between the different effects? If you can, link them with arrows and write a simple explanation of why they are linked along your arrow. 4.Answer the question: ‘How did the railways change Britain?’ How did the railways change Britain? Economic effects Social effects
Plenary 1.Who built the first locomotive in 1804? 2.Which design won the Rainhill Trials in 1829? 3.Name 3 economic effects of the railways on Britain 4.Name 3 social effects of the railways on Britain 5.Was the coming of the railways a good thing despite the disadvantages? Did we meet our learning objective? L/O – To evaluate how the railways changed life in Britain