2 What is HIV/AIDS? The human immunodeficiency virus The virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndromeDestroys a type of defense cell in the body called a CD4 helper lymphocyteWhen HIV destroys these lymphocytes, the immune system becomes weak and people can get serious infections
3 How do you get HIV/AIDS?Having unprotected oral, vaginal, or anal sexual intercourseSharing needles, such as needles used to inject drugs, steroids, and other substances, or sharing needles used for tattooingPeople who have another sexually transmitted disease (STD) are at greater risk for getting HIV during sex with infected partners.If a woman with HIV is pregnant, her newborn baby can catch the virus from her before birth, during the birthing process, or from breastfeeding.
4 How Do People Know They Have HIV? people may feel and look healthy for years while they are infected with HIVpossible to infect others with HIV, even if the person with the virus has absolutely no symptoms.person's blood lacks the number of CD4 cells required to fight infectionswhen immune system is overwhelmed by AIDSextreme weakness or fatiguerapid weight lossfrequent fevers that last for several weeks with no explanationheavy sweating at nightswollen lymph glands
5 Why Get Tested? There is no cure for HIV. Can take the proper steps and precautions to prevent spreading the disease.Try to prevent their baby from being born with HIV.Look for the antibodies that indicate HIV is present in the bodyTo get tested is peace of mind
6 Types of HIV Tests EIA or ELISA Tests Western Blot At-Home Tests most common type of HIV testtests the blood sample for HIV antibodiesWestern BlotIf the EIA or ELISA test is positiveIf both of these tests are positive, the person is almost certainly infected with the HIV virus.At-Home TestsThe Home Access test is available at most local drugstores pricks his or her finger and puts the blood on a specially prepared card it is analyzed and the results are available in about 7 days
7 If Test Results Are Positive Contact a doctor to discuss ways to slow the progress of the infectionStop any activity that has an affect on the immune systemHave additional testsLet all sexual partners how about the infection because they may have been exposed
8 How Can It Be Prevented?not having oral, vaginal, or anal sex (abstinence)always using latex condoms for all types of sexual intercourseavoiding contact with the bodily fluids through which HIV is transmittednever sharing needles