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Class.  Name the four forms of social strata:  _________ - European feudalistic strata; present around the French Revolution time.  _________ - Indian.

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Presentation on theme: "Class.  Name the four forms of social strata:  _________ - European feudalistic strata; present around the French Revolution time.  _________ - Indian."— Presentation transcript:

1 Class

2  Name the four forms of social strata:  _________ - European feudalistic strata; present around the French Revolution time.  _________ - Indian strata system; there is no social mobility, but the groups themselves can change their position (or prestige).  __________- Grouping of people who share a common economic position; it influences the lifestyles they are able to lead.  __________ - Extreme form of strata; ownership and exploitation of lower-class individuals

3  Class  Social mobility  Estate  Slavery  Caste  Upper, middle, working and underclass

4  True or false:  Marx supported Capitalism: T/F  His primary theory is that private ownership of the means of production is the maximum form of alienation. T/F  Marx categorised the upper and middle classes into, respectively, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. T/F  Marx recognised that there was a middle class. T/F

5  Define the following:  Alienation  Exploitation  Proletariat  Bourgeoisie  Conflict theory  Consensus theory

6  Sequence the following to show the development of Weber’s big idea regarding the Protestant Work Ethic: Inherent need to please God created Capitalism which created Protestant Work Ethic which is defined as… The idea of hard work, frugality and self-discipline to satisfy a need to please God

7  What were the three things which Weber thought society was stratified by?  C____  S_____, and  P_____.  Did Weber identify a ‘middle class’? Y/N  Complete this sentence:  Weber said that it was the v____ of your l______ (i.e. selling _______) which gives you p______.  Weber identified classes as being flexible; true or false?

8  Put the four main classes he identified in order from upper to lower, with their definition. Propertied upper class Own property (i.e. material possessions) White-collar workers Petty-bourgeoisie Manual working class Those who ‘wear ties’ to work – i.e. teachers, lawyers – service jobs. Upper working-> lower middle class Those working with their hands in blue-collar jobs.

9  Define the following:  Status  Party  Calvinism

10  The boundaries between classes are always clear-cut, at least as according to Weber. T/F  The basis of class difference – ownership of wealth and occupations. T/F  Working class is differentiated by skill, income and property ownership. T/F  Modern Capitalist societies are characterised by widely unequal distributions of wealth. T/F

11  What is globalisation?  What is the difference between economic protectionism and global deregulation?  What does DFI stand for? What does it mean?

12  Socio-economic order (draw a diagram & explain it )  Capitalism  Communism  Power  White-collar jobs  Blue-collar jobs

13  Slide 1: social stratification  Estate, caste, class and slavery.  Slide 2: class definitions:  Social mobility – the extent to which people can move between social strata.  Upper class – those higher up in society who live luxurious lives and rarely work.  Middle class – those living comfortable lifestyles; mainly working in white collar jobs.  Working class – those who have blue collar jobs; some live in relative poverty (luxuries of the upper classes cannot be afforded e.g. computers).  Underclass – those completely out of employment, and who live in absolute poverty. (where necessities of life are not met e.g. food).  Slide 3: Marx true/false:  F, T, T, F.  Slide 4: Marx definitions:  Alienation – to seize possession of something to extort others from what belongs to them.  Exploitation – those who do not have money who are forced to under-sell themselves/their services.  Proletariat – lower classes who make the production for the bourgeoisie.  Bourgeoisie – higher classes who own the means of production.  Conflict theory – it is the Marxist idea which stresses the inequalities of a society –, political or economic.  Consensus theory – social theory which maintains that political and economic systems in a society are fair, and that change should happen in the institutions provided by them.

14  Slide 6: Class, status and party. Y. Weber said that it was the value of your labour (i.e. selling yourself) which gives you power.  Slide 5:

15  Slide 7:

16  Slide 8: Weber definitions  Status – how a person is perceived amongst others in society based upon their cultural capital. Age, gender and race can also have an affect upon it.  Party – political power of people organised into groups.  Calvinism – protestant denomination which believed God had predestined their salvation and so they focused on hard work and frugality.  Slide 9: true/false  F, T, T, T.  Slide 10: globalisation:  Globalisation – the importing of overseas-made products for cheaper prices to support a country’s economy.  Economic protectionism – protecting a country’s economy through being exclusive from globalisation.  Global deregulation – the removal of tariffs & quotas; allowing more DFI. (see below)  DFI – direct foreign investment. It’s when another foreign company/country invests directly into your business.

17  Slide 11: definitions:  Socio-economic order  Capitalism – government structure that people earn their way to the top; there is always a succinct division between the higher, middle and lower classes. It is an economically driven society.  Communism –the government structure that everyone is equal, though there is nearly always a leader at the top, in order to avoid exploitation of lower classes.  Power – a relationship between two parties which is often unequal as often one party holds higher power.  White-collar jobs – service-based jobs e.g. teaching.  Blue-collar jobs – jobs requiring manual labour e.g. builders. This illustrates how the middle class is over time gradually shrinking, and the gap between the highest and lowest classes increasing.


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