Presentation on theme: "C11 S2 Conflicts Over Land Thousands of Native Americans were forced to abandon their lands to white settlers and move west. Indian Removal Act of."— Presentation transcript:
C11 S2 Conflicts Over Land Thousands of Native Americans were forced to abandon their lands to white settlers and move west. Indian Removal Act of 1830. a. Allowed the fed. govt. to pay Native Americans to move west. b. 1834 Congress creates Indian Territory. Cherokee refuse, take Georgia to Court (Worcester v. Georgia) How Jackson’s presidency affected Native Americans.
C11 S2 Conflicts Over Land Trail of Tears a. Treaty of New Echota, gave Jackson legal grounds to remove the Cherokee. 1838 General Winfield Scott, led 7,000 troops began removal of the Cherokee Nation. a. 2,000 died in camps waiting to be moved. b. 2,000 died along the way. c. Most of the deaths were the very young or the very old.
C11 S2 Conflicts Over Land Some groups of N.A. attempted to resist relocation. Most were removed by force. Black Hawk, 1832 led a band of Sauk and Fox back to Illinois. a. 4,500 militia and fed. troops killed many as they tried to flee westward Osceola, Seminole chief refused to leave Florida. a. Attacked white settlements, using guerrilla tactics. By 1844 the govt. gave up and allowed some Seminole to stay in Florida. Native American Resistance