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Government of the People, by the People, for the People. Civics- is the study of citizenship and government. The word Civics comes form the Latin word “civics, meaning citizen.
In ancient Rome where the word Civics was 1 st used. only wealthy land owners could be citizens. Today the word citizen- means a member of community with a government and laws.
Citizenship now applies to most people. Wealth and property are no longer requirements.
The purpose of government. Government, is the power or authority that rules a country.
The authority that government provides is essential. It provides stability.
In the united States we have stability. We take things like school and a walk in the park for granted. Our government provides law and order.
In Iraq they lack stability such things are not taken for granted.
The need for government. Without government how would disagreement’ s be settled?
The strongest person would win even if they were wrong.
Rules help protect us against others
Government makes Wayne Nebraska a safe place to live The lack of government makes Iraq a very dangerous place to live.
We take traveling between towns for granted, but not in Iraq
Rules help us live peacefully!
What governments do Provide rules of conduct They make sure that people obey rules. Provide education
Set up Armed services (police and military.
Governments provide health services
Governments plan for the future and prepare budgets
There are many different levels of government National government the government of the entire country. Citizenship- you share a history and set of beliefs with the rest of the country’s citizens
Dictatorship and Democracy Dictatorship- a government that one person or a small group of people control
Democracy- citizens hold the power to rule and make laws.
2 kinds of Democracy- Direct and Representative. Direct- the citizens vote on every individual issue. Representative Democracy- citizens elect people to represent them.
Citizens influence government Americans elect representatives to our National government including Senators, members of the House of Representatives, President and Vice President.
United States citizens can influence government by joining a political party.
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