Presentation on theme: "Rights and Responsibilities of a Citizen"— Presentation transcript:
1Rights and Responsibilities of a Citizen American CivicsRights and Responsibilities of a Citizen
2What is Civics? Civics: Study of what it means to be a citizen. Who could be citizens in the past?Landowners?Men?Caucasian?
3Rights and Responsibilities Productive member of societyMember of town/city/state
4Government Ideals: Beliefs that form a nation. Government: Authority or power that rules on behalf of a group of people.
5Freedoms Each person guaranteed same rights and freedoms. Cannot be taken away.Must do your share.
6Freedoms we enjoy!Not every country has the same freedoms that we have.Free public schoolingChoose your own careerOwn a houseChoose a person to marryRaise a familyStart a businessTravelLive anywhere you want!Speak and writeCan’t be imprisoned without cause
7Over 200 years ago… Founding fathers planned out our government This is still in place today!People rule through elected officials
8Role of Citizen Vote in elections Work for a political party Inform officials of needs/disagreements with gov’tKnow how gov’t works
9Qualities of a “Good” Citizen Responsible family membersRespect and obey lawsRespect rights and property of othersLoyal to nation/proud of accomplishmentsTake part in communityTake part in gov’tUse natural resources wiselyWell informed on important issuesBelieve in equality of opportunity for allRespect differences and ways of life
10Why study? Need to become “good” citizens Understand what our gov’t gives usUnderstand our rights and freedoms…they can be taken away if we are not aware of the laws that protect them!
12We Are All Immigrants!Immigrants: People who came here from other lands.Brought languages, cultures, beliefs, customs, hopes, and dreams.
13Early AmericansAncestors of Native Americans came between 12,000-60,000 years ago from Siberia.Moved to North, Central and South America.Vikings came and left.Spanish settled in Mexico, Central and South America, California, Florida, Texas and the S.W. United States.
14Early Americans 13 original colonies were settled by England. Germans settled Pennsylvania.Dutch settled along the Hudson.Swedish settled in New Jersey, Delaware.Africans settled the South as slaves.
15History of U.S. Immigration Policy Early years= struggle to survive.Immigrants welcomed- workers needed.Early 1800’s: Open Shore PolicyUnlimited immigrationNo criminals or diseased1880’s: Some restrictions added
16History of U.S. Immigration Policy 1920’s: Quota EstablishedImmigration act of 1990:675,000 per yearPreference to relatives, valuable skillsRefugees not included