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 A person who by birth or choice owes allegiance to a nation  You are born in the US or a territory  At least 1 of your parents was a US citizen when.

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Presentation on theme: " A person who by birth or choice owes allegiance to a nation  You are born in the US or a territory  At least 1 of your parents was a US citizen when."— Presentation transcript:

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2  A person who by birth or choice owes allegiance to a nation  You are born in the US or a territory  At least 1 of your parents was a US citizen when you were born  You have been naturalized (gone through citizenship process)  You were under 18 when parents were naturalized

3  If you come to the US from another to country to live you are considered an alien.  Alien: Citizen from one country who lives in another country  As an alien you have many of the same rights as regular citizens Can’t vote or hold government office

4  Abraham Lincoln “ ours is a government by the people, and for the people.”  Our government can make laws, build roads and bridges, tax, fight wars, make agreements with other countries, but only if the citizens want to.  As citizens we elect representatives, people who are chosen to speak and act for their fellow citizens.

5  President  Congress  City Council  School Board  Mayor  Judges

6  Right to vote and hold elected office  Right to say what you think in speech and writing  Right to practice your own religion  Right to a fair trial  Right to be protected by your government when you are working or traveling in other countries

7  Rights in the US are based on American beliefs of: equal respect, freedom, equality, and justice  Our rights are guaranteed by our Constitution and protected by laws and our courts.

8  Obeying the laws  Defending the nation  Serving on a jury or as a witness in court  Paying taxes  Attending school

9  We have rules and laws to keep society running in an orderly way  Some laws are there to prevent us from hurting each other  Some laws establish rules for making agreements and settling disagreements in a fair way  We must obey laws to that protect citizens rights  Equal opprotunity

10  It is impossible to know all laws in your city, state, nation  It is up to you to know the laws that affect your life and your actions.  Ignorance of the law is no excuse

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12  Helping our country defend itself against threats to our peace and security is another important duty of citizens  US maintains armed services during peacetime  When you are 18 or older you may volunteer to serve in the military  Young men must register for military service when they turn 18  Doesn’t mean they will serve, but in a national emergency they could be drafted to serve

13  Basic right is right to a fair trial  Innocent until proven guilty  No person may be found guilty unless there is beyond reasonable doubt  Constitution guarantees the right to trial by jury  Witness in a case

14  Income taxes  Sales taxes  Property taxes  Through taxes out government raises money to pay for the services that it provides to the nation

15  Required to attend from 5 or 6 to at least 16  School attendance laws  Schools are to make sure students have the knowledge and skills to succeed in life and be a good citizen

16  Basic responsibility of all citizens is to contribute to the common good  Acting in ways that protect the rights and freedoms of other Americans and to make our communities, states, and nation a good place to live  Voting (voting wisely)

17  Elected officials have accepted the responsibility of learning about the issues and trying to make decisions that are in the peoples best interests

18  Carry campaign signs at a rally  Putting signs in your yard  Stuffing envelopes  Making phone calls

19  Influencing government is another way to fulfill the “office of citizen”  Right letters to government officials/put in newspapers  Speak at city council  Join or create organizations with the goal of influencing government

20  Not all responsibilities of people are connected with the government  Each of us are responsible to make our communities the best places possible


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