Presentation on theme: "Study of citizenship and government."— Presentation transcript:
1Study of citizenship and government. What is Civics?Study of citizenship and government.
2What is a citizen? A member of a community with a government and laws. Being a citizen means being a part of a country or community.
3Purpose of GovernmentGovernment – the power or authority that rules a country.Provides stability that makes many things we take for granted possible.A government makes laws , provides services, and keeps order.
4The Need for Government “Government of the people, by the people, for the people.”Abraham Lincoln “Gettysburg Address”What does this mean?
5Of the people –Government made up of citizens.By the people –We put them in office, we run the government through elected officials.For the people –Makes the U.S. a better place to live
6Purposes of the Government 1. Make Laws 2 Purposes of the Government 1. Make Laws 2. Provides security/keeps order * armed forces, police forces, fire department
73. Plans/Budgets the future 4. Provides services* Healthcare, education, road construction.5. Settle conflict in courts
8Types of Government1. Dictatorship – A government that one person or a small group of people controls.
9Qualities of a Dictatorship 1. Citizens have no freedom2. Have complete control over the laws and government.3. Citizens are told where to live, what kind of work to do, what political beleifs to have.4. Ex. Of a dictatorship?
10Democracy – citizens hold the power to rule and to make laws.
11Two types of democracy: Direct Democracy – citizens would meet and vote on every issue.* used by ancient Athenians.* Athens was much smaller than the U.S.
12Representative Democracy – the citizens reps Representative Democracy – the citizens reps. carry on the work of the government.Citizens elect reps. to govern on their behalf.Is your student government similar to our national government?
13Rank the following functions of government in order of importance. 1. Making laws2. Enforcing laws3. Providing services4. Planning for future.