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Legislative, Executive, Judicial
? Essential Questions ? What is government? Why is it important? What are rules and laws? What do presidents, governors, and mayors do? Where are Washington, D.C. and Atlanta, Georgia located? The student will identify the roles of the following elected officials: a. President (leader of our nation)
You Are Listening For…. 1.The names of the 3 branches of government. 2.The jobs of each of the branches. 3.Who the President, Governor, and Mayor are. 4.What government is and why it is important. 5.How a bill becomes a law. 6.How many Supreme Court Justices there are and who elects them. 7.The most important right we have as Americans.
This is where we live. Walton County, Georgia Atlanta is our state capital. This is where the governor meets to discuss laws. We are about 50 miles away From Atlant a.
An organization that makes laws, keeps order and protects freedom. $money paid to the government$
Vocabulary CITIZEN- a person who lives in an area and is loyal to that area. ELECTION-The process by which citizens vote for people to represent them. VOTE- to make an official choice
The works for every _____________. Every citizen should obey the ___________. Citizens _____________ to choose their leaders. The ______________ leads the country. _____________________________________________ vote law president mayor legislative government citizen
United states government The Constitution created a government of three equal branches. The Constitution is the plan and set of rules for our government. legislative EXECUTIVE JUDICIAL
The legislative branch The Constitution created Congress. It is a group of people elected to make laws for the country. Congress has two parts: 1.Senate 2.House of Representatives
Legislative Branch The job of the legislative branch of state government is to make the laws. A bill is an idea for a law. This branch has two parts: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Together these two groups are called the General Assembly. Senate + House of Representatives=General Assembly
The Senate There are 100 senators. Each state has two senators. A Senator is in office for 6 years. This is called a “term.” Senators meet in the U.S. Capitol building
The House of Representatives There are 435 representatives. The more people that live in a state, the more representatives it has. Representatives serve for a term of two years. They can be elected for more than one term.
Georgia has 13 Representatives Works for Walton county and the area around it
The job of the legislative branch is to write bills which become laws.
IF THE GOVERNOR VETOES THE BILL, another vote can be taken. If 3/5 of the General Assembly votes to approve the bill this time, the bill becomes a law. How does a bill become a law? First, citizens develop an idea for a bill. A bill is an idea for a law. Next, members of the House or Senate propose the bill to other members. Then, the General Assembly votes to approve the bill. After that, the governor signs the bill OR the governor vetoes the bill.
A leader is a person who helps others get a job done. Good leaders help citizens decide how they can reach a goal. A good leader treats others with respect.
Choosing Leaders In the United States, citizens choose good leaders to run the government. C itizens choose leaders at events called elections. People should choose leaders who they think will do the best job. In what month is the Presidential Election?
President for a Day Imagine being president for a day! What would you do? What kind of decisions would you make? Remember the responsibilities of the president Write a persuasive essay about what you would do if YOU were president and persuade me that you would be a good president of the United States. http://www.scholastic.com/kids/president/
The Executive Branch The president, or Chief Executive, is the head of the government. Americans vote every four years for their leader of their democratic society. After elected to serve his/her country, the president lives and works in the White House. The president is Commander in Chief of the armed forces. The president works with leaders of other countries.
The President A president is the leader of a group, company, or government. The president of the United States is an elected leader who has many responsibilities, including creating policies, leading the armed forces, and meeting with world leaders to discuss issues. The president also plays an important role in the law-making process. http://www.brainpopjr.c om/socialstudies/gover nment/president/zoom.w eml
The Constitution of the United States was established to create a new system of government and outlines the responsibilities of the judicial, legislative, and executive branches. The president is the head of the executive branch.
United States Executive Branch
A PRESIDENT WEARS MANY HATS. HE IS THE LEADER OF THE UNITED STATES. HE SIGNS BILLS TO CREATE LAWS. HE HOLDS MEETINGS. HE GIVES SPEECHES. HE VISITS OTHER COUNTRIES. HE CHOOSES OTHER PEOPLE TO HELP HIM.
A PRESIDENT WEARS MANY HATS. Proposes, approves, and carries out laws Makes treaties (Peace agreement) Leads the military Appoints Supreme Court Judges (Like Who?)
President for a Day Imagine being president for a day! What would you do? What kind of decisions would you make? Remember the responsibilities of the president Write a persuasive essay about what you would do if YOU were president and persuade me that you would be a good president of the United States.
State of Georgia Executive Branch GOVERNOR: elected leader of state government
Monroe, Georgia Executive Branch MAYOR: elected leader of town or city
MayorGovernorPresident Leads a town or cityLeads a stateLeads our country Makes sure community laws are obeyed Makes sure state laws are obeyed Makes sure our country’s laws are obeyed Meets with world leaders
The Judicial branch The Supreme Court is the highest court is the U. S., and is the system of courts to settle questions about the laws. The nine justices can serve for as long as they live, or wish to retire. Each justice is chosen by the president.
United States Supreme Court Justices
Quiz time! Who was the first African American Supreme Court Justice?
Government The Congress (Senate and House of Representatives) makes the laws. The president carries out the laws of the United States. The Supreme Court explains the laws.
U.S. citizens can participate in their government. This process insures that power will always remain where it belongs - with the people. The most important right citizens have is the right to vote. By voting, the people have a voice in the government. The people decide who will represent them in the government.
If you don’t remember anything else…. Legislative=makes laws CONGRESS Executive=President, governor, mayor Judicial=courts, makes decisions about laws We have freedoms and rights-it is important to VOTE!
Democracy Rules !
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