Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns Remember that you use demonstrative adjectives to point out people or things that are nearby and farther away. A demonstrative adjective always comes before the noun and agrees with it in gender and number.
Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns Me gusta mucho trabajar en este centro recreativo. I really like to work at this recreation center. ¿Quién donó esa comida? Who donated that food? Voy a ayudar a aquellos pacientes. I´m going to help those patients.
Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns Demonstrative adjectives can also be used as pronouns to replace nouns. To distinguish them from demonstrative adjectives, they have a written accent.
Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns Me es imposible trabajar para este candidato, pero me encantaría trabajar para ése. It´s impossible for me to work for this candidate, but I would love to work for that one. ¿Ves esas bolsas? Por favor, recoge ésa, pero no recojas aquélla. Do you see those bags? Please pick up that one, but don´t pick up that one over there.
Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns To refer to an idea, or something that has not been identified, use the demonstrative pronouns esto, eso, or aquello. None of these has an accent mark.
Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns Esto es injusto. Me encantaría eso. ¿Qué es aquello? This is unfair. I would love that. What is that (over there)?
This and These (close to you) Adjectives Este(this)estos(these) Esta(this)estas(these) Pronouns Éste(this one)éstos(these ones) Ésta(this one)éstas(these ones)
That and Those (closer to the person you are talking to) Adjectives Ese(that)esos(those) Esa(that)esas(those) Pronouns Ése(that one)ésos(those ones) Ésa(that one)ésas(those ones)
That and Those Over There (far from both of you) Adjectives Aquel (that over there) Aquellos (those over there) Aquella (that over there) Aquellas (those over there) Pronouns Aquél (that one over there) Aquéllos (those ones over there) Aquélla (that one over there) Aquéllas (those ones over there)