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6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns In Spanish, as in English, demonstrative adjectives are words that demonstrate or point out nouns. Demonstrative.

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Presentation on theme: "6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns In Spanish, as in English, demonstrative adjectives are words that demonstrate or point out nouns. Demonstrative."— Presentation transcript:

1 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns In Spanish, as in English, demonstrative adjectives are words that demonstrate or point out nouns. Demonstrative adjectives precede the nouns they modify and, like other Spanish adjectives you have studied, agree with them in gender and number. Observe these, then study the chart that follows: esta camisaese vendedoraquellos zapatos this shirt that salesman those shoes (over there)

2 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns Demonstrative adjectives SINGULARPLURAL MasculineFeminineMasculineFeminine esteestaestosestas this; these eseesaesosesas that; those aquelaquellaaquellosaquellas that; those (over there)

3 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns There are three sets of demonstrative adjectives. To determine which one to use, you must establish the relationship between the speaker and the noun(s) being pointed out. The demonstrative adjectives este, esta, estos, and estas are used to point out nouns that are close to the speaker and the listener. (The ones with the T are closest to me.)

4 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns The demonstrative adjectives ese, esa, esos, and esas (that/those) are used to point out nouns that are not close in space and time to the speaker. They may, however, be close to the listener. The demonstrative adjectives aquel, aquella, aquellos, and aquellas (that/those way over there) are used to point out nouns that are far away from the speaker and the listener.

5 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns Demonstrative pronouns are identical to their corresponding demonstrative adjectives, with the exception that they carry an accent mark on the stressed vowel. (Recently, this rule has changed according to La Real Academia Española.) ¿Quieres comprar este suéter? Do you want to buy this sweater? No, no quiero éste. Quiero ése. No, I dont want this one. I want that one. ¿Vas a leer estas revistas? Are you going to read these magazines? Sí, voy a leer éstas. También voy a leer aquéllas. Yes, Im going to read these. Ill also read those (over there). Demonstrative pronouns

6 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns SINGULARPLURAL MasculineFeminineMasculineFeminine ésteéstaéstoséstas éseésaésosésas aquélaquéllaaquéllosaquéllas Demonstrative pronouns

7 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns There are three neuter demonstrative pronouns: esto, eso, and aquello. These forms refer to unidentified or unspecified nouns, situations, ideas, and concepts. They do not change in gender or number and never carry an accent mark. ¿Qué es esto? Whats this? Eso es interesante. Thats interesting. Aquello es aburrido. Thats boring.

8 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns ¡ATENCIÓN! Like demonstrative adjectives, demonstrative pronouns agree in gender and number with the corresponding noun. Este libro es de Pablito. Éstos son de Juana.

9 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns ¡INTÉNTALO! Provide the correct form of the demonstrative adjective for these nouns.

10 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns 1. la falda / this 2. los zapatos / these 3. los almacenes / those 4. la corbata / that 5.las tiendas / those way over there 6.el mercado/ that way over there esta falda estos zapatos esos almacenes esa corbata aquellas tiendas aquel mercado

11 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns 7. el sombrero/ this 8. las camisas / these 9. las botas / those 10. el abrigo / that 11. los pantalones / those way over there 12. la chaqueta/ that way over there este sombrero estas camisas esas botas ese abrigo aquellos pantalones aquella chaqueta


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