Presentation on theme: "DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES. Los básicos We use demonstrative adjectives to specify items, as opposed to talking about them in general. Demonstratives also."— Presentation transcript:
Los básicos We use demonstrative adjectives to specify items, as opposed to talking about them in general. Demonstratives also let us know how far away from us an item is, closer to the speaker or the listener.
Demonstratives in English THISTHESE THATTHOSE
Demostrativos en Español ESTE ESTA ESTOS ESTAS ESE ESA ESOS ESAS AQUEL AQUELLA AQUELLOS AQUELLAS
Why so many choices? Spanish has options for masculine and feminine nouns always, so the first four boxes on the chart are double what we have in English. Spanish also has a set of demonstratives for items that are far away from both the speaker and the listener (think: Over there) This is different than English.
A little rhyme to help remember Since demonstratives look similar, these rhymes will help you remember. The one with the T, is closer to me. (este, esta, estos, estas) This and these, have the Ts That and those… dont
Practica: Choose the correct adj. This bakery Esta panadería That belt Ese cinturón These scarves Esas bufandas Those earrings Esos aretes
Did you notice? The endings of the demonstratives match to the quantity and gender of the noun they describe. We dont use EL/LA/LOS/LAS with demonstratives just like in English we dont say this the book or those the students
Practicamos más That (over there) taxi Aquel taxi Those (over there) girls Aquellas chicas This credit card Esta tarjeta de crédito These travelers checks Estos cheques viajeros That quiz Esa prueba
Above and beyond… You can actually use demonstrative adjectives without any nouns at all, if you already know what you are talking about. EX: Do you like this skirt? No, I prefer that one. The person answering already knows its a skirt, right? No need to repeat it.
Same in Spanish! We can use demonstratives to answer questions without including the noun. Instead of using one/ones after the adjective, they just add accent marks to their demonstrative adjectives.
Demostrativos w/o nouns ÉSTE ÉSTA = this one ÉSTOS ÉSTAS = these ones ÉSE ÉSA = that one ÉSOS ÉSAS = those ones AQUÉL = that one far AQUELLAS away AQUELLOS = those ones AQUELLAS far away