2 Why?The Cold War was going on between the Soviet Union and the United StatesEach country thought that if you could send a satellite into space then you could send weapons into space too.
3 The Soviet Union’s Major Achievements Sputnik I (Oct. 4, 1957) – first satelliteSputnik II (1957) – first dog in space, named Laika.Yuri Gagarin (Apr. 12, 1961) – became the first man to orbit the earth
4 The United States’ Answer Explorer I (1958) – first American satelliteMR 2 (Jan. 31, 1961) – first chimpanzee in space, named HamFreedom 7 ( May 5, 1961) – Alan Shepard is first American in space (didn’t orbit though)Friendship 7 (Feb. 20, 1962) – John Glenn is first American to orbit earth
5 ~President John F. Kennedy, 1961 Journey to the Moon“I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before the decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to Earth.”~President John F. Kennedy, 1961
6 The Apollo ProgramApollo 11, July 20, 1969 – Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first 2 people to walk on the moon. Michael Collins stayed in the ship orbiting the moonApollo 12, 14, 15, 16, 17 also landed on the moon
7 Danger in Space Travel! Apollo 1 – January 27, 1967 During a test, a fire broke out in the command module, killing all three astronauts inside.
8 Danger in Space Travel!Apollo 13, April 13, 1970 – a small explosion caused a loss of oxygen and an electrical malfunction while in spaceAstronauts survived by going into the lunar moduleThey made it back to earth safely, but never landed on the moon
9 Danger in Space Travel!Challenger, January 28, 1986 – 73 seconds after liftoff the space shuttle disintegratedAn O-ring in one of the rocket boosters failed
10 Danger in Space Travel!Columbia, February 1, 2003 – the shuttle disintegrated over Texas upon re-entry into the atmosphereHeat tiles on the bottom of the shuttle were damaged during the launch, causing the explosion
11 Working TogetherThe International Space Station (ISS) is a scientific research lab.Work began on it in 1998 and planned to be completed in 2011.This is a great example of how nations from around the world can come together in solidarity.