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The Space Race Soviet Union VS. USA.

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Presentation on theme: "The Space Race Soviet Union VS. USA."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Space Race Soviet Union VS. USA

2 The Space Race. -Viewed as contest between communism and capitalism
The Space Race -Viewed as contest between communism and capitalism -National pride and fears for national defense played large roles in motivating space race

3 Sputnik

4 Soviet Union or U.S.A?

5 Sputnik On 4 October 1957, the USSR successfully launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth Sputnik caused fear and stirred political debate in the United States and the formation of NASA The National Defense Education Act was passed by Eisenhower in order to strengthen the defenses of the country Sputnik helped to determine the density of the upper atmosphere

6 Sputnik

7 Satellite 1958 Alpha – Explorer I
The US answer to the Soviet Sputnik Launched on January 31, 1958 Explorer I flight data led to the discovery by James Van Allen of the Van Allen radiation belt

8 First Animal in Space?

9 Soviet Union or U.S.A?

10 Animals in Space Laika was the first animal that traveled into space in the USSR's Sputnik 2 on November 3, Laika the dog died of stress and overheating soon after reaching space In 1960 Russian space dogs Belka and Strelka orbited the earth and successfully returned Soviet-launched turtles in 1968 on Zond 5 became the first animals to fly around the Moon The American space program imported chimpanzees from Africa, and sent at least two into space before launching their first human orbiter

11 First Human in Space?

12 Soviet Union or U.S.A?

13 Yuri and his spacecraft, Vostok 1
First Human in Space On April 12, 1961, the Soviets succeeded in launching the first human into space, Yuri Gagarin, and returning him safely to Earth Yuri and his spacecraft, Vostok 1

14 First American in Space
Alan Shepard becomes the first American astronaut to enter space, aboard the Freedom 7 spacecraft, on May 5, 1961 Alan and his spacecraft, Freedom 7

15 First Man to Orbit Earth

16 Soviet Union or U.S.A?

17 First Soviet Union to Orbit Earth
On 12 April 1961, aboard the Vostok 3KA-3 (Vostok 1), Gagarin became both the first human to travel into space, and the first to orbit the earth.

18 First American to Orbit Earth
John Glenn became the first American to successfully orbit Earth, completing three orbits on February 20, 1962

19 First Women in Space

20 Soviet Union or U.S.A?

21 First Women in Space Soviet women, Valentin Tereshkova became the first woman in space on June 16, 1963 in Vostok 6

22 First American Women in Space
Sally Ride On June 18, 1983, Sally Ride became the first American woman to fly in space when the space shuttle Challenger launched on mission STS-7.

23 First Human Space Walk?

24 Soviet Union or U.S.A?

25 First Human Space Walk In March 18, 1965, Soviet man, Aleksei Leonov carried out the first spacewalk. This mission nearly ended in disaster, because Leonov almost failed to return to the capsule and due to a poor retrorocket fire the ship landed 1600 km off target.

26 First America Space Walk
During the Gemini 4 mission on June 3, 1965, Ed White became the first American to conduct a spacewalk. Started at 3:45 p.m. White opened the hatch and used the hand-held maneuvering oxygen-jet gun to push himself out of the capsule.

27 President Kennedy’s Challenge

28 President Kennedy’s Challenge
May 21, 1961: President Kennedy challenged the United States to land astronauts on the moon and to return them safely to Earth Challenge provided a “finish line” for the space race President John F. Kennedy NSF North Mississippi GK-8

29 Landing on the Moon

30 Soviet Union or U.S.A?

31 The Apollo Missions Apollo involved landing men on the moon; Apollo 13 was aborted due to a malfunction July 20, 1969, Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong of Apollo 11 were first men on the moon Each mission consisted of three astronauts: one stayed on Command Module in lunar orbit, two descended in Lunar Module to moon’s surface Total of 12 men have walked on the moon – All American! The Apollo 11 launch Neil Armstrong Buzz Aldrin, in Apollo 11 and on the moon (above and right)

32 American’s Landed on the Moon First!

33 When did the space race end?
Some historians believe the Space Race ended when Apollo 11 returned safely from the Moon Others believe that the Race ended when the United States’ Apollo 18 spacecraft docked with a Russian Soyuz spacecraft in 1975 A drawing of the Apollo – Soyuz rendezvous (Apollo 18 is on the left) NSF North Mississippi GK-8

34 Apollo – Soyuz Test Project
Docked Together on 7/17/75  When docked they two nations carried out the following joint scientific experiments, exchanged flags and gifts, signed certificates, visited each other's ships, ate together, and conversed in each other's languages. Undocked at 7/19/75 Apollo CSM-111 3 person manned spacecraft from USA Launched on 7/15/1975 Landed on 7/24/75 Soyuz 19 2 maned space craft from USSR. Launched on 7/15/75 Landed on 7/21/75

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