2 The growth of atomic weapons between the two superpower. in 1949 the united state had dropped two atomic bombs on Japan to end world war two._________ years later, The Soviet union built their own atomic bomb. Many Americans feared a nuclear attack.A deadly arms race had begun . Both superpowers _________________ nuclear weapon. By the end of the decade, both sides were developing missiles to carry bombs to each other's doorsteps.
3 Space Race between U.S.A and Soviet Union Space Race was a __________________ of space exploration between the United State and Soviet Union, which lasted roughly from 1957 to 1975.By 1960 the superpowers were in a space race as well as an arms race. Americans were stunned in 1957 when the Soviet sent __________________, a man-made satellite, into orbit around the earth.
4 Start of the “Space Race” October 4th, 1957, Russia launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik, into orbitSputnik orbited the earth once every _________ minutes.Caused a wide-spread panic in the U.S.People feared the Soviet Union would dominate the world in space exploration
5 Competitors in the Space Race Soviet UnionUnited StatesAfter the launch of Sputnik, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. were in direct competition to have most advanced space programViewed as a ________ between communism and capitalismNational pride and fears for national _____________ played large roles in motivating space race
6 Laika & Sputnik 2The Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 was launched into outer space on November 3, 1957.Inside Sputnik 2 was a dog named Laika. Laika became the first animal launched into orbit, paving the way for human spaceflight.The first US satellite Explorer 1 would not be launched until February 1, 1958.
7 Formation of NASAFounded 1958 after Congress passed the National Aeronautics and Space ActFormed in direct response to the launch of SputnikPurpose to provide organization and direction of U.S. space programFirst missions focused on getting humans into space, studying effects of space on humans, and returning astronauts safely to Earth
8 First Human(s) in Space On April 12, 1961, the Soviets succeeded in launching the first human into space.______________________American _______________ was the first man to orbit the earth on February 20, 1962.
9 The Mercury Project NASA’s first mission Mission goals: getting an astronaut into spacecompleting an ___________returning astronaut to Earth safelySeveral preliminary Mercury launches were _____________The Mercury - Atlas I spacecraftEnos the chimpanzee, crew of the Mercury – Atlas V spacecraft
10 The Gemini ProjectInvolved sending two astronauts into orbit for longer periods of timePaved the way and tested equipment for the Apollo missions to the moonAstronaut Ed White, II performs the first spacewalk by an American during the Gemini IV missionAstronaut Ed White, IIThe rendezvous of the Gemini VI and Gemini VII spacecraft
11 President Kennedy’s Challenge May 21, 1961: President Kennedy challenged the United States to land astronauts on the moon and to return them safely to Earth.Challenge provided a “finish line” for the space racePresident John F. Kennedy
12 The Apollo MissionsApollo involved landing men on the __________; Apollo 13 was aborted due to a malfunctionJuly 20, 1969, ____________________________________________of Apollo 11 were first men on the moonThe Apollo 11 launchNeil ArmstrongBuzz Aldrin,