4 Sputnik 2 – November 3, 1957 Includes Laika Satellite remains in orbit for 162 daysLaika dies soon after liftoff, from stress and high temperatures inside the capsule
5 National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 into law, establishing NASA (July, 1958)
6 April 9, 1959 – The Mercury 7 were introduced to America NASA introduces the first seven astronauts to the world.Without yet performing a task, they are instantly hailed and embraced as heroes by the American public
7 United States testing of rockets was embarrassing from ‘57-’61 U.S. rocket testing
9 1961Jan 31 – Ham, a chimpanzee, survives a sub-orbital flight on an American mission, Mercury 2The American press pokes fun at American astronauts for doing a job that could be accomplished by a monkey. Experienced test pilots call the astronauts “Spam in a can.”
10 First Men In SpaceApril 12 - Soviet sends first man into space – Yuri Gagarin – Refer to him as a “cosmonaut”Americans - Alan Shepard on Freedom 7 on May 2 115 minute flight which took him to a max height of miles
11 Sept 12, 1961: Pres Kennedy makes his speech at Rice University “We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too.”
12 Feb 20, 1962John Glenn orbits the Earth three times, becoming the first American in orbit.Hailed as a hero, he will later leave the space program to become a U.S. Senator from Ohio.
13 First Woman in Space – Soviet Union’s own Valentina Tereshkova The American program will employ NO female astronauts
14 Soviets Continue to Lead; Americans and the Gemini Program 1964Oct 12 – Voskhod 1, Soviet mission that was the first to send multiple men into spaceMarch 18, 1965 – Leonov leaves the spacecraft for the first “Spacewalk”.The American Gemini Program begins – essential program that will solve many of the problems that must be overcome for a lunar landing mission.
15 Apollo Program starts with tragedy of Apollo 1 fire on Jan 27, 1967 Apollo Program starts with tragedy of Apollo 1 fire on Jan 27, The program continues inKilled in fire – Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger ChafeeInside of Apollo 1 Capsule
16 First death to occur during space flight – April 23, 1967 Cladimir Komarov commands Soyuz 1On its descent, the parachute becomes tangled and Soyuz 1 slams into the ground at high speed, killing Komarov
17 Apollo 11- July, 1969, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin land on the moon
18 Neil Armstrong first to step foot on the moon “That’s one small step for man. One giant leap for mankind.”
26 July 26 – Aug 7, 1971Apollo 15 lands on the moon with a four-wheel drive lunar rover
27 The End of the Apollo Program July 1975 – Last Apollo mission to the moonIn orbit, they dock with a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft.The mission proves the compatibility of the two space programs and paves the way for future collaborations and rescue missions.
28 Activity – Magazine Cover Make a magazine cover about the Space Race/Americans in Space/ Russians in Space or any other aspect we have discussedMust have: name of magazine, at least 3 visuals that are on topic, title of top story or caption of picture on cover