Presentation on theme: "The Respiratory System (2:45)"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Respiratory System (2:45) Click here to launch videoClick here to download print activity
2 The respiratory system provides oxygen to the blood and removes carbon dioxide from the body.
3 What Happens During Respiration The respiratory system provides oxygen to the blood and removes carbon dioxide from the body.The continual exchange of gases in both external and internal respiration is essential for survival.
4 What Happens During Respiration In external respiration, oxygen moves from the lungs into the blood, and carbon dioxide moves from the blood into the lungs.
5 What Happens During Respiration In internal respiration, oxygen moves from the blood into the cells, and carbon dioxide moves from the cells into the blood.
6 How Respiration WorksThe respiratory system consists of the lungs, trachea, and diaphragm.Your lungs automatically fill with air and are emptied in a rhythmic way.
7 How Respiration WorksAs you inhale, the diaphragm and the muscles between your ribs contract, expanding your chest cavity and your lungs.DiaphragmA muscle that separates the chest from the abdominal cavity
8 How Respiration WorksAs you inhale, the pressure inside your lungs is lower than the pressure outside your body, so air flows into your lungs to equalize the pressure.
9 How Respiration WorksAs you exhale, the pressure inside your lungs is higher than the pressure outside your body, so air flows out of your lungs to the outside to equalize the pressure.
10 Air moves into the lungs through the trachea. The windpipe
11 The trachea branches out into two bronchi. The LungsThe trachea branches out into two bronchi.BronchiThe main airways that reach into each lung
12 The LungsA network of tubes called bronchioles branch from the bronchi.At the end of each bronchiole are groups of microscopic structures called alveoli, thin-walled air sacs covered with capillaries where gas exchange takes place.
14 Other Respiratory Structures The respiratory system also includes these structures in the upper airways.Air enters and exits your body through the nose and mouthNose and MouthAir moves from the nose and mouth into the pharynx, or throatPharynxAir moves from the pharynx into the trachea, or windpipeTracheaLarynxConnects the throat and the tracheaCloses off the entrance to the larynx and the tracheaEpiglottis
15 Maintaining Your Respiratory Health Caring for your lungs can prevent many respiratory disorders.The single most important decision you can make for your respiratory health is not to smoke.
16 Maintaining Your Respiratory Health Avoid tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke.Get regular physical activity.Wash your hands regularly.Limit your exposure to pollutants in the air.
17 Respiratory System Problems Problems of the respiratory system can be mild, such as a cold, or serious and even life threatening.Colds and influenza are common infections of the upper respiratory system.
18 Respiratory System Problems An inflammation of the tissues that line the sinuses, air-filled cavities above the nasal passages and throat.SinusitisAn inflammation of the bronchi caused by infection or exposure to irritants such as tobacco smoke or air pollution.BronchitisAn inflammation of the lungs commonly caused by a bacterial or viral infection.Pneumonia
19 Respiratory System Problems During an asthma attack, an involuntary contraction of smooth airway muscles leads to chest tightness and breathing difficulty.AsthmaAn inflammatory condition in which the trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles become narrowed, causing difficulty breathing
20 Respiratory System Problems Long-term treatment of asthma includes medication that reduces inflammation of the airways and avoiding substances that can trigger asthma attacks.
21 Respiratory System Problems When a person is infected with tuberculosis, the immune system surrounds the infected area and isolates it.TuberculosisA contagious bacterial infection that usually affects the lungs
22 Respiratory System Problems A person can have inactive tuberculosis for many years and not show symptoms.However, if the immune system is weakened, the infection can become active, causing symptoms including cough, fever, fatigue, and weight loss.
23 Respiratory System Problems Emphysema, which is almost always caused by smoking, causes breathing difficulty, chronic cough, and permanent tissue damage.EmphysemaA disease that progressively destroys the walls of the alveoli
24 After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary What causes the lungs to fill with air?The contraction of the diaphragm and the muscles between the ribs expand the chest cavity and lungs. The lower pressure inside the lungs causes air to flow in.
25 After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary Which problems with the respiratory system can be caused by smoking?Bronchitis and emphysema
26 After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary How can washing your hands protect your respiratory system?Frequently washing hands helps keep them free of bacteria and viruses that can be easily transmitted to the respiratory system by touching the nose and mouth.