Presentation on theme: "COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION"— Presentation transcript:
1COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION APPROACHES TO STUDY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
2Recapitulation Roots of public administration Characteristics of public administrationDefinition of public administrationPolicy formulation and policy executionPolitical Science and Public Administration
3THE P O R D S C O R B VIEW(Luther Gullick 1937) P– PIANNING O– ORGANIZATION S– STAFFING D– DIRECTING CO-COORDINATING R-- REPORTING B-- BUDGETING
4PLANNING & ORGANIZINGPlanning, that is working out in broad outline the things that need to be done and the methods for doing them to accomplish the purpose set for the enterpriseOrganizing, that is the establishment of the formal structure of authority through which work subdivisions are arranged, defined, and co-ordinated for the defined objective;
5STAFFING & DIRECTINGStaffing, that is the whole personnel function of bringing in and training the staff and maintaining favorable conditions of work;
6DIRECTING & COORDINATING Directing, that is the continuous task of making decisions and embodying them in specific and general orders and instructions and serving as the leader of the enterpriseCo-Ordinating, that is the all important duty of interrelating the various parts of the work; OR that means is a common thread that run through all the activities of the organisation.
7REPORTING & BUDGETINGReporting, that is keeping those to whom the executive is responsible informed as to what is going on, which thus includes keeping himself and his subordinates informed through records, research, and inspectionBudgeting, with all that goes with budgeting in the form of planning, accounting and control.
8PORDSCORBCRITISMIT CANNOT BE EQUALLY APPLICABLE TO ALL PUBLIC SECTOR ENTITIES HAVINGDIFFERENT FUNCTIONS/PROBLEMSIT ADRESSES ONLY THE TECHNIQUE BUT NOT THE SUBSTANCE/SUBJECT OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
9SUBJECT MATTER VIEWADMINISTRATION IS CONCERNED WITH WHAT AND HOW OF GOVERNMENT.WHAT IS THE SUBJECT MATTER/TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE FIELDWHAT TECHNIQUE OF MANAGEMENT WHICH CAN ENSURE SUCCESSBOTH ARE INDISPENSABLE/TOGETHER THEY FOR THE SYNTHESIS CALLED ADMINISTRATION
10APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION BUREAUCRATIC APPROACHLEGAL APPROACHHISTORICAL APPROACHSYSTEMS APPROACHSTRUCTURAL APPROACHHUMAN RELATIONS APPROACH
11Bureaucratic Approach One of the most important approach is based on Max Weber's ideal-type bureaucratic model. This has inherent structural characteristics of hierarchy, "specialisation, role-specificity, recruitment by merit, promotion by seniority-cum-merit, career development, &thing, discipline, distinction between personal and official means The emphasis in this approach is on rationality and efficiency.
12LEGAL APPROACHIT STUDIES PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AS PART OF LAW WITH EMPHASIS ON LEGAL STRUCTURE,ORGANIZATION,POWERS,FUNCTIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES
13HISTORICAL APPROACHIT STUDIES PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION THROUGH THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS.IT ORGANISEA AND INTERPRETS THE INFORMATION PERTAINING TO EXISTENCE AND PERFORMANCE OF ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES AND PROCESSES IN A CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER
14The Systems approachThe systems approach views an administrative system as a subsystem of the society. It looks at various parts of an administrative system (formal organisation. informal organisation, roles, individuals) and examines the inter linkages among various parts. Besides, the approach analyses the dynamic interactions between the administrative system and its external environment.
15Structural ApproachA related approach, drawn mainly from Anthropology and Sociology, is the structural- functional approach. A structure, according to this approach, is a pattern of behaviour that has become a standard feature of a social system. Further, a function denotes the impact of a structure on another structure and the interrelationships among various structures
16HUMAN RELATIONS APPROACH The human relations approach is based on principles of social psychology focuses on the social context at work rather than regarding the worker asresponsive only to financial incentives
17APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION CASE METHOD APPROACHBEHAVIOURAL APPROACHPUBLIC CHOICE APPROACHDEVELOPMENT APPROACHECOLOGICAL APPROACHCOMPARATIVE APPROACH
18CASE METHOD APPROACHIT DEALS WITH THE SPECIFIC ACCOUNT OR NARRATION OF SPECIFIC EVENTS WHICH LEAD TO A DECISION BY THE ADMINISTRATOR.IT SEEKS TO RECONSTRUCT THE ADMINISTRATIVE REALITIES AND ACQUAINT THE STUDENTS WITH THE DECISION MAKING SCENARIO
19Behavioural approachThe behavioural approach emphasises '"acts", rigorous scientific methods of data collection and analysis, quantification, experimentation, testing, verification and an , interdisciplinary orientation. It focuses on the analysis of human behaviour in administrative settings
20Public choicePublic choice analysis has roots in positive analysis ("what is") but is often used for normative purposes ("what ought to be"), to identify a problem or suggest how a system could be improved by changes in constitutional rules, the subject of constitutional econonomics
21Developmental approach This approach focuses on certain characteristics of a dynamic administrative system, e.g. goal-orientation, change-orientation, progressiveness, innovativeness, participation and responsiveness.
22Ecological approachThe ecological approach which has been stressed considerably by Fred Riggs. examines the interactions between an administrative system and its external environment. Thus the impact of the political system, economic system, social system and the cultural system, on the structure and behavior of the administrative system as well as the influence of the administrative system on these environmental structures
23Comparative Approach Comparative Public Administration (CPA) is an applied, intercultural, interdisciplinary, explanatory field of study which carries out cross-cultural investigations in order to provide solutions for management problems and develop management technologies/best practices