Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Organisational Behaviour Dr Seema Sant

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Organisational Behaviour Dr Seema Sant"— Presentation transcript:

1 Organisational Behaviour Dr Seema Sant

2 Lecture plan Structure of the course Issues to explore in the course
Historical overview

References: 1) Understanding Organizational Behavior – Udai Pareek 2) Organizational Behavior – Stephen Robbins 3) Organizational Behavior – Fred Luthans 4) Organizational Behavior – L. M. Prasad (Sultan Chand)

4 Issues to explore in the course
Organizational behaviour (OB) “the study of human behaviour in organizational contexts with a focus on individual and group processes and actions” (pp.2)

5 Issues to explore in the course
Hong Kong stock exchange, 1994

6 Issues to explore in the course
“An intitative approach [to organisations] fails to represent what it means to be human, misrepresents the qualities of the relational processes and, more generally, grossly distorts the relationships between person and organisation” (Hoskings and Morley 1991:IX)

7 Issues to explore in the course
“The relationship between a person and a context involves accommodation (changing oneself) and assimilation (changing the context)… people are both products of their contexts and participants in the shaping of those contexts.” (Hoskings and Morley, 1991:5) Any Question?

8 Historical overview Before the 19th Century:
The notion of an organisation as an imperative, absolute entity, is the direct outcome of historical transformations occurred in Europe and North America from the end of the 18th century onwards: Before the 19th Century: Experience of Artisan work (e.g. Ironsmith) Technical skills, personal competence and craft pride constitutive of the working process. Industrial revolution in the 19th Century Close relationship between the subject of work and his/her activity was lost

9 Historical overview Early 20th Century: ‘Classical approach’
Advent of scientific management (F.W. Taylor) Aim: controlling labour through science Far-reaching process of establishing control and surveillance: to discipline the mind and body of the productive subject was the central concern. Deconstruction of the task from ‘within’ Rigid control over time and body movements Conception and execution as separate domains in hierarchical relationships Technology for social control

10 Historical overview

11 Historical overview Hawthorne Studies and the Human Relations
Movement (Elton Mayo, ) Hawthorne studies: environment and productivity? Results: organizations are social systems, not just technical economical systems Groups, teamwork, different job roles, human relations are of great significance in organizations We are motivated by many needs Leadership should be modified to include concepts of human relations A new discipline of human behaviour and, by extension, Organisational behaviour. (1960s)

12 Historical overview Systems Rationalist approach
Modern Approach Organisation (open system view) Transformation process inputs outputs The organization seen as an open socio-technical system. The existence of subsystems which interact with one another. Management is a distinct subsystem which is responsible for direction and coordination of all other subsystems.

13 Historical overview Symbolic-Interpretative perspective Andreas Gursky’s The factory People’s subjectivity in relation to organisational processes. Political and cultural nature of social relations. Social construction of organisational reality, co-creation of the phenomenon you are seeking to study.

14 Organizational Behavior: Dynamics in Organizations
Psychosocial Interpersonal Behavioral Organizational Behavior

15 Organizational Variables that
Affect Human Behavior Work Design Performance Appraisal Communication Jobs Organizational Structure Human Behavior Organizational Design

16 Organizational vs. Individual
Point of View Clockworks or Snake pit? Human Behavior in the Organization 4

17 Internal/External Perspective of Human Behavior
Internal Perspective External Perspective Understand behavior in terms of Thoughts,feelings, past experiences, and needs External events, environmental forces, & behavioral consequences Explain behavior by examining Individuals’ history & personal value system Surrounding external events & environmental forces Each perspective has produced motivational & leadership theories.

18 Sociology Psychology Engineering Medicine Management
the science of society Psychology the science of human behavior Engineering the applied science of energy & matter Interdisciplinary Influences on Organizational Behavior Anthropology the science of the learned behavior of human beings Medicine the applied science of healing or treatment of diseases to enhance an individual’s health and well-being Management the study of overseeing activities and supervising people in organizations

19 Toward an OB Discipline

20 Contributing Disciplines to the OB Field
Psychology The science that seeks to measure, explain, and sometimes change the behavior of humans and other animals. E X H I B I T 1–3 (cont’d)

21 Contributing Disciplines to the OB Field (cont’d)
Sociology The study of people in relation to their fellow human beings. E X H I B I T 1–3 (cont’d)

22 Contributing Disciplines to the OB Field (cont’d)
Social Psychology An area within psychology that blends concepts from psychology and sociology and that focuses on the influence of people on one another. E X H I B I T 1–3 (cont’d)

23 Contributing Disciplines to the OB Field (cont’d)
Anthropology The study of societies to learn about human beings and their activities. E X H I B I T 1–3 (cont’d)

24 Contributing Disciplines to the OB Field (cont’d)
Political Science The study of the behavior of individuals and groups within a political environment. E X H I B I T 1–3 (cont’d)

25 To explore in the course

Download ppt "Organisational Behaviour Dr Seema Sant"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google