Presentation on theme: "CONSTITUTION CHAPTER SECTION 2 US History. Formatting the Feds The Legislative Branch Congress – the legislative branch that makes laws, levees taxes,"— Presentation transcript:
Formatting the Feds The Legislative Branch Congress – the legislative branch that makes laws, levees taxes, and declares wars Constituents – people of the home districts of representatives The House of Representatives – 435 delegates from 50 states At least 25 years old 2-year terms The Senate – 100 delegates from 50 states At least 30 years old 6-year terms (1/3 of the Senate seats are elected every 2 years) Two main Functions: Set Laws Appropriate – to set aside Impeach – to bring formal charges against (any federal official) – House of Representatives Senate – ratify treaties and confirm appointments
I’m Just a Bill Bills – proposed laws Types of Committees in the Congress Standing Committees – permanent groups that specialize in a specific topic Sub-Committees – groups that focus on an issue or problem Select Committees – groups for special issues that arise Joint Committees – groups that have members from both houses Conference Committees – compromise about a specific bill “Pigeonholing” – setting aside a bill indefinitely Overrides – overriding a Presidential veto takes 2/3 vote of members of both houses of Congress
The Top Dawg… The Executive Branch – the CEO of the government Chief Executive – responsible for carrying out nation’s laws Chief Diplomat – director of foreign policy Commander in Chief – leader of the nation’s military Chief of State – representative of all Americans Legislative Leader – proposes laws to Congress Executive Office of the President (EOP) – direct assistance to the President 14 Executive Departments – all with different roles Cabinet – the heads (secretaries) of the different departments
Interpreting America The Judicial Branch – the deciders of lawfulness Led by the Supreme Court Judiciary Act – Congress set up a series of district courts Levels of Court: District Courts – Criminal or Civil Cases that come under the jurisdiction of the federal (not state) courts Appeals Courts – the reviewing court of the District Court’s opinions 14 Appeals Courts in the nation Supreme Court – top law making group 9 Justices (Congress can change number – 5 to 10 in history) Roles: deciding what cases to hear, deciding the cases, determining an explanation of the decision Opinion – the written explanation of a court decision Public Policy – it is legal and political shaping Judicial Review The Supreme Court may challenge the ruling of a state or local court Marbury v Madison – first case invoking Judicial review Ex parte Milligan - the Court can challenge a President too Brown v Board of Education of Topeka - the Court’s decision that segregation is wrong and unconstitutional
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