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Mark Anderson, Meriel FitzPatrick & Jason Truscott.

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Presentation on theme: "Mark Anderson, Meriel FitzPatrick & Jason Truscott."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mark Anderson, Meriel FitzPatrick & Jason Truscott

2 Background/Rationale – Why? Location - Sandway Cellar Where? Preparation for fieldtrip How? PDA Pilot study 2009 – Stage 1 - Stage 2 November 2009 - Results Future plans

3 any arena or zone within a subject where supervised learning can take place via first- hand experience, outside the constraints of the four-walls classroom setting Lonergan & Andresen, 1988

4 Fieldwork gives opportunities for learning which cannot be duplicated in the classroom. It greatly enhances students understanding of geographical features and concepts, and allows students to develop specific as well as general skills HMI 1992

5 Fieldwork is good (Boyle et al. 2003; Boyle et al. 2007) Positive /direct benefits to students (Fuller et al. 2003) Advantage over lectures as it is real (Warburton & Higgett, 1997) Not universally perceived positively by students (Stokes, 2007) Novelty factor / Novelty space (Falk et al. 1978; Orion & Hofstein 1994) Maskall & Stokes, 2008

6 Promote independence Increase confidence in their own abilities Peer Assisted Learning Pressures of time & costs


8 Sandway Cellar

9 University Kingsand-Cawsand


11 Lab+ Paper copies – guide, maps, timetables etc. Risk Assessment Access to website Hand specimens of all rock types found at Sandway Cellar Training for the PDAs Website Link

12 The maps are programmed so certain events are triggered when entering a pre-defined location on the map. The whole environment is termed a Mediascape You are here! Programmed trigger areas

13 For example: When you enter here. This event happens!

14 Site 1

15 For example: When you enter here. This event happens!

16 Site 5

17 Engagement – or lack of. Technology - breakdown Changing outcrop pattern of rock Weather

18 Questionnaires (3 areas): Preparation (Lab+ and website) During the fieldtrip Use of the technology (PDA) Likert Scale and YES/NO answers Some questions required free text to suggest how the fieldtrip and resources could be improved. Interviews (semi-structured)

19 Stage 1 students – March Questionnaires Interviews Stage 2 students – June Questionnaires Intended cohort for Peer Assisted Learning in subsequent year Few students engaged Positive response to the use of the PDA Most students engaged Only 2/8 PDAs worked consistently and well Positive response when it works

20 Stage 1 students Majority engaged Independent (in groups of 4-6) No Stage 2 mentors Run as part of a tutorial and fieldwork module Weather OK PDAs worked well On-line questionnaire

21 Feedback – generally very positive Question 9 – Did you attend the introductory session to using the PDA before you went on the fieldtrip? 92.6% replied Yes. They took part in the introduction to the PDAs in Labplus

22 Question 10 – If yes, after having completed the fieldwork please explain how you think this exercise helped you with using the PDA in the field. 'Gave general idea of how to access the software and navigate through screens. 'it meant we could get on with the work in the field quicker and the was less confusion 'It introduced us to the way in which the PDA worked and showed us the importance of patience when using them. It made me familiar with equipment which was usefull

23 Question 11 Instructions on the PDA were clear





28 Glare on screens Add the other routes to Kingsand on to the PDA. Make the PDAs work on the coastal path Put hints onto slides PDA was a useful addition to learning in the field but is not as good as the one to one interaction with the staff.

29 Develop links to specific web pages – for help and advice, answering questions. Screen – use a Tablet PC. Develop the Peer Assisted aspect to involve Stage 2 students as mentors.

30 Stage 1 cohort 2009 Stage 2 cohort 2009

31 Stage 1 cohort 2010 Stage 2 cohort 2010 PAEL Stage 1 cohort 2009

32 Stage 2 cohort 2010 Independent mapping Stage 2 cohort 2010 PAEL

33 Boyle, A., Conchie, S., Maguire, S., Martin, A., Milsom, C., Nash, R., Rawlinson, S., Turner, A., & Wurthmann, S. (2003). Fieldwork is Good? The Student Experience of Field Courses. Planet, Special Edition, 5, 48-51 Boyle, A., Maguire, S., Martin, A., Milsom, C., Nash, R., Rawlinson, S., Turner, A., Wurthmann, S. & Conchie, S. (2007). Fieldwork is Good: the Student Perception and the Affective Domain. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 31 (2), 299-317 Falk, J., Martin, W., & Balling, J.(1978) The novel field trip phenomenon: adjustment to novel settings interferes with task learning. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 15(2), 127- 134 Fuller, I., Gaskin, S. & Scott, I., (2003). Student perceptions of Geography and Environmental Science fieldwork in the light of restricted access to the field, caused by Foot and Mouth Disease in the UK in 2001. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 27, 79-102 Maskall, J. & Stokes, A. (2008). Designing Effective Fieldwork for the Environmental and Natural Sciences. GEES Subject Centre, Learning and Teaching Guide Orion, N., & Hofstein, A., (1994). Factors that Influence Learning during a Scientific Field Trip in a Natural Environment, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 31(10), 1097-1119 Warburton, J. & Higgitt, M., (1997). Improving the Preparation for Fieldwork with IT: two examples from physical geography. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 21(3), 333- 347 Stokes, A., (2007) It there a future for fieldwork? [on-line] Available: (date accessed 19th June 2007)

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