2 Summary Should we teach with presentations? PowerPoint in/supporting lectures Supporting student activity Refining presentations Some PowerPoint facilities Tips for preparation Advantages and disadvantages of presentation slides
3 as effective as other media not effective not very effective Whats the use of lectures? Donald Bligh 1972 … His review of research into what (traditional) lectures might be good for: transmitting information ? promoting thought ? changing student attitudes ?
4 Lecturing to large groups Andreson 1990 Faced with bigger classes and/or more classes, two responses are possible for lectures Refinement as theatre: enhance style, techniques, presentation skills & technology Augmentation with student activity, feedback, dialogue, using other media better presentations less lecturing
5 Uses for PowerPoint In Refinement Effective delivery of information Structured note-making Efficient for staff (in long run) In Augmentation Support student activity in lecture periods with questions, interactive handouts, …
6 Selecting media Some or all of Displays using (35mm slides) Acetates (LCD panel with overhead projector) Digital projector, fixed or portable Interactive whiteboard Paper handouts in various forms Web pages in various forms - accessibility
7 Presentation slides Provide clear, readable text In attractive colours, designs The consistency helps understanding Can append during a lecture, make dynamic and responsive Automatic numbering, footers, administrative information helps filing
8 Pictures, charts
10 Handouts Note-taking is passive, boring and inefficient - look at their notes! So, for example... Full handouts of slides for accuracy and to save time, especially diagrams Semi-notes with missing content; unlabelled diagrams, empty tables, bullets - instruct students to complete them Skeleton notes of structure + keywords - students to add detail during the lecture
11 Web versions Make presentation accessible to students before or after lecture (Accessibility required from 2002/3) With full versions of slides for reference, colour, animation, etc. You could include lecturers notes As an Acrobat (pdf) file, handouts are ready for printing
12 Tips for better presentations Prepare: Know your audience, the room, lighting control, equipment Acetates backup (?) Design easily understood charts, graphs, pictures, diagrams Rehearse – use the PowerPoint rehearsal feature for timing
13 Summary: advantages of presentation software 1.Clear, legible text 2.Information in well structured chunks 3.Images, diagrams, charts done easily 4.Handouts are copies of screens but can have gaps, questions, space for notes 5.Use the same slides on a digital projector, acetates, web pages, handouts 6.Use different selections of slides for modifying presentations, reusing slides
Summary: disadvantages of presentation software Some ready-made designs are too complex and print badly It imposes a modular structure of slides and bullets - can fragment an argument or story Drawings are time- consuming, (but photo images are easy) Keeping versions for handouts and screen, or hiding some slides or objects All content can look the same, boring, death by PowerPoint Learning to use it!
15 The end
16 References Lee Andreson, Lecturing to large groups, in C. Rust, Teaching in Higher Education, 1990, SCED Paper 57, ISBN Donald Bligh, Whats the use of lectures? Exeter: Intellect, 1998, 5th ed. Phil Race, The Lecturers Toolkit, 2001 Kogan Page Paul Ramsden, Learning to teach in Higher Education, 1992, Routledge, ISBN for presentation technology Designing Slide Presentations for Adults by Raymond W. Barclay Jr. and Nancy G. Wyatt
17 Some bad reasons for lectures Students expect them To fill up the timetable To keep students under control Thats how I was taught Its always been done like that …
18 Some good reasons for lectures Introduce a new topic, relate to other topics, where detailed information comes later Do course administration and changes Provide and introduce reading material Provide a social occasion between students and with staff Engage student interest, stimulate thinking, make memorable demonstrations Some students like lectures Efficient use of staff time with large numbers
19 Whats the use of lectures? Donald Bligh 1972 … His review of research found that lectures might be good for: transmitting information ? promoting thought ? changing student attitudes ?
20 Lecturing to large groups Andreson 1990 Faced with bigger classes and/or more classes, two responses are possible for lectures Refinement as theatre: enhance style, techniques, presentation skills & technology Augmentation with student activity, feedback, dialogue, using other media
21 Handouts – a skeleton Try handouts of slides semi-notes skeleton notes