3What does multiculturalism mean? The term multiculturalism is the range of cultural and ethnic diversity within the population a country.A multicultural society is one where a number of different ethnic groups and their culture live alongside the predominant indigenous ethnic group and their culture.Cultural Geography
4What identities does Ed Husain have? Multiple identities/Shared IdentitiesAn individual can have range of identities based on their personal experience and history, they can show allegiance to more than ‘one group’.Cultural GeographyWhat identities does Ed Husain have?
5International Development Minister Multiple identities/Shared Identities"But supporting a team is not the true test of being English. It's about the country you consider your home, the place where you will raise your kids.I'm very proud to support the England football and cricket teams but I don't believe that is the defining element of your national identity."Cultural GeographyShahid Malik,International Development Minister
6Reasons for our multicultural society Cultural Geography
8Leave the ingredients to simmer. The British by Benjamin Zephaniah Serves 60 million (from 'Wicked World') Take some Picts, Celts and Silures And let them settle, Then overrun them with Roman conquerors.Remove the Romans after approximately 400 years Add lots of Norman French to some Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Vikings, then stir vigorously.Mix some hot Chileans, cool Jamaicans, Dominicans, Trinidadians and Bajans with some Ethiopians, Chinese, Vietnamese and Sudanese.Then take a blend of Somalians, Sri Lankans, Nigerians And Pakistanis, Combine with some Guyanese And turn up the heat.Sprinkle some fresh Indians, Malaysians, Bosnians, Iraqis and Bangladeshis together with some Afghans, Spanish, Turkish, Kurdish, Japanese And Palestinians Then add to the melting pot.Leave the ingredients to simmer.As they mix and blend allow their languages to flourish Binding them together with English.Allow time to be cool.Add some unity, understanding, and respect for the future, Serve with justice And enjoy.Note: All the ingredients are equally important. Treating one ingredient better than another will leave a bitter unpleasant taste.Warning: An unequal spread of justice will damage the people and cause pain. Give justice and equality to all.Cultural Geography
9"Being British is about driving in a German car to an Irish pub for a Belgian beer, then travelling home, grabbing an Indian curry or a Turkish kebab on the way, to sit on Swedish furniture and watch American shows on a Japanese TV. And the most British thing of all? Suspicion of anything foreign ".AnonymousCultural Geography
10Cultural Geography Automated pre 1066 A succession of invading forces brought new people and their cultures to what is modern-day Britain. These included the Romans, Jutes, Angles, Saxons and Vikings1685 Religious persecution forces 100,000 Huguenots (French Protestants) to leave France for BritainU.K. Migration1066 The Normans invade Britain and become the dominant force. Their legacy laid the foundations of the Britain we live in today1840s Widespread famine forces thousands of people to leave Ireland. Many come to BritainCultural Geography
11The First World War creates huge numbers of refugees, many of whom choose to escape mainland Europe and come to Britain1848 With a spate of revolutions breaking out in mainland Europe, Britain becomes the destination of choice for many refugeesU.K. Migration1880s Fleeing oppression in Europe, hundreds of thousands of Jews seek sanctuary in BritainAgain with the outbreak of the Second World War, refugees seek to escape Nazi rule and the fighting by travelling to the UKCultural Geography
121946 Hundreds of thousands of people from across Eastern Europe seek refuge in the UK following the establishment of Communism,000 Ugandan Asians settle in the UK after being expelled from UgandaU.K. Migration1948 Many West Indians decide to settle in Britain, which needs to boost its depleted workforce after WW21975 Political unrest and war in South-East Asia results in many seeking a new life in BritainCultural Geography
131980s Attracted by opportunities for those with specialist skills and professional training, large numbers of Australians, New Zealanders and South Africans move to the UKDuring these years 45,000 people arrive from Africa, 22,700 from the Indian sub-continent and 25,000 from AsiaU.K. MigrationEthnic disputes in the Balkans force thousands to seek refuge in Western Europe. Many seek asylum in the UK2002+ Asylum seekers from Afghanistan and Iraq, economic migrants from Eastern Europe due to E.U. enlargement.Cultural Geography
14Any remember the British Empire…. Cultural GeographyAny remember the British Empire….
15European Union Cultural Geography The Treaty of Rome means that all citizens of E.U. countries have the legal right to work and settle here.
16Evidence of a multicultural society. A rebranded Jack.Cultural Geography
20A selection of Manchester United first team players 2007-2008 HollandBrazilEnglandEnglandSenegalVan De SarAndersonBeardsleyNevilleEvraCultural GeographyCanadaFranceSerbiaArgentinaPortugalHargreavesRonaldoSahaVidicTevezA selection of Manchester United first team players
26Commission for Equality and Human Rights. Is multiculturalism working?Well, I think the answer is this, the fact that we are a multicultural society is it just that, it is a fact and it has been for 2,000 years, that's the nature of Britishness, that's why it's such a capacious accommodating identity. The problem is that if you put that into practice in a certain way, what you end up doing is separating people, and what I discovered when I became chair of the CRE three years ago was that too many public authorities particularly were taking diversity to a point where they were saying, 'actually we're going to reward you for being different, we're going to give you a community centre only if you are Pakistani or African Caribbean and so on, but we're not going to encourage you to be part of the community of our town.'Cultural GeographyTrevor PhilipsCommission for Equality and Human Rights.
27Is multiculturalism working? He told the congregation: "Together we can make a Britain in which many minority ethnic people will feel it is their dwelling tent too - without making the indigenous population feel that this is no longer the Britain of their fathers."Today, there is a great deal of talk about social inclusion and community cohesion."But surely we must go beyond inclusion and cohesion to a vision of true humanity as we see it in the face of Jesus Christ."I believe we should talk more about the common good and the values that have shaped this nation and less and less about multi-culturalism and cultural diversity.Cultural Geography
29What is the future for culture in the United Kingdom? Multiculturalism and the future/s...OrSoupCultural GeographyOrSalad BowlWhat is the future for culture in the United Kingdom??Segregated Salad
30Multiculturalism and the future/s... 1Ethnic groups integrate into wider society. They begin to influence the dominant culture of the country, the culture evolves over time and cultural fusion occurs. The so called melting pot idea. This process continues over time as new ethnic groups enter the country.Cultural GeographySoup
31Multiculturalism and the future... 2The ethnic groups integrate into society, they retain their own culture, whilst adopting, or some aspects of, the dominant culture of the country, people have multiple identities. The ethnic groups live alongside the indigenous population called cultural pluralism.Cultural GeographySalad Bowl
32Multiculturalism and the future... 3Ethnic groups do not integrate into wider society, they retain their own culture and reject the dominant culture. So called Balkanisation.Cultural GeographySegregated Salad