2 Persian EmpirePersian Kings were tolerant- accepted the people they conquered.Unified Under Darius- Organized his empire into Satraps, (provinces). Set up leaders to collect taxes in each satrap.Built roads and palaces, constantly visiting and celebrating with his peopleHad a unified law for all his land
3 Economy Darius introduced coins to use as currency. Barter Economy- Exchanging goods or services for anotherMoney Economy- Goodsare paid for with a tokenof agreed value.
4 Religion United the Persians Zoroaster (600b.c.)- Organized a religion that rejected traditional Persian Gods and replaced them with a single wise God.Believed in a Heaven, Hell and a final Judgment day.
5 Phoenician Sea Traders Were known to be exceptional sailors.Only lived on a narrow strip of coast land, which they used to farm. (More known for manufacturing and trading)Purple dye glass
6 Phoenician Sea Traders Phoenicians set up colonies(territory settled and ruled by people from another land) to help expand their trade.
7 Phoenician AlphabetUnlike cuneiform or hieroglyphics, which were symbols that represented a word or concept. Phoenicians created an alphabet which are letters that combined, make up words.
9 Early History of the Israelites Belief in GodIsraelites, or Hebrews believed in God and that he had a hand in their lives.Recorded sacred events and records in the Torah.
10 Father Abraham (founder of the Israelite nation) Abraham lived in Ur in Mesopotamia. He and his large family wondered the land herding sheep and goats, the settled in Cannon.In time the posterity (decedents) of Abraham traveled to Egypt to escape famine.
11 Moses In Egypt they were enslaved by a pharaoh. A leader named Moses lead the people fromslavery into the desert.Eventually after Mosesdied the peoplere-entered Cannon.
12 Kings of the Hebrews 1000 B.C.E. David- United the various tribesSolomon (David’s Son)- Built a greart temple and worked to build relations with Egypt and Mesopotamia. Known as a Shrewd leaderBuilding projects raised taxes
13 Division Solomon's strict style spilt the Israelites. Israel- NorthJudah- SouthThis division weakened the Israelites, allowing them to be invaded by the Assyrians.
14 ExileThe Israelite people were forced away from their land to live in Babylon. This time was known as the Babylonian Captivity, it is also when they became known as the Jews.Eventually they were freed by Cyrus, a Persian leader who conquered Babylon.Many Jews returned to their land and built a smaller version of Solomon's Temple.