2 The Search for a Promised Land The Hebrews maintain Monotheism religious beliefs that were unique in the ancient world.The Search for a Promised LandAncient PalestinePalestine was a region between the Jordan River and the shore of MediterraneanHebrew people settled
3 The Search for a Promised Land Ancient PalestinePalestine was a region between the Jordan River and the shore of MediterraneanHebrew people settled in Canaan, land promised to them by God
4 From Ur to EgyptTorah, first five books of Hebrew Bible, tells early history of HebrewsIn Torah, God chose Abraham, a shepherd, to be father of Hebrew peopleAbraham took his family and herds from Ur to Canaan around 1800 B.C.Around 1650 B.C. Abraham’s descendents move to Egypt.
5 The God of AbrahamHebrews are monotheists, believing in one God only—YahwehYahweh is all powerful, was not a physical beingA mutual promise, covenant, is made between God and AbrahamAbraham promises to obey God, Yahweh promises to protect Abraham and his descendents.
6 Moses and Exodus Hebrews Migrate to Egypt At first Hebrews are honored in Egyptian kingdom; later become slaves.
7 “Let My People Go” Hebrews fled Egypt between 1300 and 1200 B.C. Bible tells of God’s command that Moses lead this “the Exodus”
8 An New CovenantMoses receives 10 Commandments—becomes basis of Hebrew law
9 The Land and Peoples of the Bible Torah tells of Hebrews wandering Sinai Desert for 40 yearsArrive in Canaan, form nomadic tribes; judges provide leadership
10 Hebrew Law Women and men have separate roles, responsibilities Law includes strict justice was softened by mercyProphets arise later to interpret the lawThey teach people to live moral lives
11 The Kingdom of Israel Canaan Land that Hebrews believe God promised themCanaan land is ; Hebrews expand south and north
12 Saul and David Establish a Kingdom Hebrews threatened by Philistines to the northOnly one tribe remains, Judah; Hebrew religion called JudaismFrom 1020 to 922 B.C. Hebrews (Jews) unite; new kingdom called Israel.King David establishes Jerusalem as capital.
13 Solomon Builds the Kingdom David’s son Solomon becomes king; makes Israel a trading empireHe builds a magnificent temple and royal palace in Jerusalem
14 The KingdomHigh taxes and forced labor lead Jews in north to Israel. By 922 B.C. kingdom divides in two—Israel in north, Judah in south200 years of confusion followed
15 The Babylonian Captivity A Conquered People In 738 B.C. Israel and Judah pay tribute (money for peace) to AssyriaBy 722 B.C. Assyrians conquer IsraelIn 586 B.C. Babylonians attacked Judah, destroy Solomon’s TempleMany surviving Jews exiled to BabylonIn 539 B.C. Persians conquer Babylon; 40,000 Jews return to JerusalemTemple and walls rebuilt; land later ruled by Persians, Greeks, Romans