Presentation on theme: "New Territories: Becoming a World Power Key Ideas Chapter 9, Lesson 1."— Presentation transcript:
New Territories: Becoming a World Power Key Ideas Chapter 9, Lesson 1
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories Vocabulary Isthmus A narrow strip of land that links two larger pieces of land. It has water on both sides. Ex: Isthmus of Panama in Central America Canal A waterway built for boat travel and shipping. Ex: the Panama Canal How does the Panama Canal work?
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories 1. How did Alaska become part of the United States? Russia offered to sell its colony of Alaska in 1867, and the United States purchased it. 2. Many Americans believed that buying Alaska was a bad idea. What changed their minds? Originally people thought this was a foolish purchase. In 1896, however, miners found gold in Alaska. Later, people discovered that Alaskas fish, forests, and minerals were very valuable, making Alaska a good purchase.
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories 3. What economic interests did Americans have in Hawaii? Hawaii had many pineapple and sugar plantations, which were a great economic source.
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories 4. How did Hawaii become part of the United States? The queen of Hawaii wanted the power and land returned to the people instead of the Americans owning the plantations. The plantation owners were afraid she would take away their plantations, so they led a revolt and forced her from power. After the revolt, Hawaii asked to join the United States.
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories 5. What were Spain's colonies in the late 1800s? Spain also controlled Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippine Islands, and Guam. In the time of the late 1800s, the U.S. wanted to expand its territories to show the world that it was a powerful country.
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories 6. How did American newspapers influence people's opinions of Spain? The newspapers wrote about the harsh treatment of Cubans by Spain. The newspapers exaggerated this news to shock and attract readers. When the U.S. decided to declare war against Spain, Americans were in favor of this because of what they read.
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories 7. Why did the United States declare war on Spain? The U.S. Navy ship Maine was in a harbor in Cuba when it exploded. American newspapers blamed Spain, and President McKinley soon asked Congress to declare war on Spain.
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories 8. How did President William McKinley help expand Americas role in the world? President William McKinley knew that if the United States defeated Spain, the U.S. would gain more territories. This is usually one of the conditions after a war is over – the losing country usually gives up territory. Gaining territory outside of the continental U.S. would help expand Americas role in the world by showing it is a powerful nation.
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories 9. Who were the Rough Riders and who led the Rough Riders? The Rough Riders was a volunteer fighting group. They went to Cuba to fight in the Spanish-American war. Theodore Roosevelt, the Assistant Secretary of the United States Navy, led the Rough Riders. Roosevelt later became President of the United States.
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories 10. How did the Rough Riders help the United States win the Spanish-American War? The Rough Riders won a famous battle called the Battle of San Juan Hill, which helped lead the U.S. to victory over Spain.
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories 11. What was the importance of the Panama Canal? The canal linked the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The canal would save ships huge amounts of time and money when traveling from one coast of the U.S. to the other. Instead of having to travel around the southern tip of South America, they could cut through the Panama Canal.
Chapter 9, Lesson 1 New Territories What was Theodore Roosevelts role in the Panama Canal? In order to build the canal, it would have to cut through Panama. Panama was a part of Colombia, and this country did not want to sell Panama to the U.S. Roosevelt helped the people of Panama win their independence from Colombia, and Panama then agreed to let the U.S. build the Panama Canal. This also showed the nation that the U.S. was a powerful nation.